How to Install Yandex Browser on Debian 12/11/10

As the digital world consistently evolves, so does our need for advanced web browsers that offer a seamless user experience. Yandex Browser—originated from Russia’s leading technology company, Yandex—fits this requirement with exceptional capabilities. Often considered an underdog in the arena dominated by giants like Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox, Yandex Browser has carved a unique space for itself by offering an array of features that prioritize security, user privacy, and a customizable user interface.

Unraveling the Distinct Features of Yandex Browser

  • Turbo Technology: Yandex Browser utilizes Opera’s Turbo technology, allowing it to compress web pages, thus offering faster load times even on slower connections. This feature makes it a reliable browser for areas with limited or unstable internet access.
  • Protective Security: Yandex Browser incorporates advanced security protocols such as DNSCrypt, which encrypts DNS traffic between computers and DNS servers. This feature helps to shield your browsing activities from any prying eyes.
  • Ease of Customization: With Yandex Browser, the freedom of customization stands paramount. Users can alter the visual aesthetics of the browser to suit their preferences. Moreover, it provides options to integrate various plugins and extensions, catering to different user needs.
  • Language Support: One of the significant strengths of Yandex Browser lies in its comprehensive language support. It offers auto-translate functionality that can translate web pages into numerous languages, making it an appealing choice for a global audience.
  • Smartbox Search and Suggestions: Yandex Browser has an integrated Smartbox feature that combines the address and search bars. As users type, Smartbox offers suggestions and search results from Yandex’s search engine, aiding in a more convenient browsing experience.
  • Data Compression: One of Yandex’s unique features is its ability to minimize data usage. It accomplishes this by compressing the data of web pages before sending it to users, which can be particularly beneficial for users with restricted data plans.

Each of these attributes contributes to Yandex Browser’s appeal, catering to a wide spectrum of user needs. While it might not yet command the market share of some of its competitors, the growing prominence of Yandex Browser cannot be overlooked.

Recognizing the prowess of Yandex Browser, it becomes vital to understand its installation process on various platforms. In the following sections, the guide will demonstrate how to install Yandex Browser on Debian 12 Bookworm, Debian 11 Bullseye, or Debian 10 Buster.

Section 1: Install Yandex Browser with APT

The first step in our course is to prepare Debian for the installation of Yandex Browser. The method explained in this guide is through APT (Advanced Package Tool), a command-line tool for handling packages in Debian-based distributions.

Step 1: Debian System Update

It is vital to maintain your Debian system current to ensure seamless software installations. Regular updates provide the latest features and crucial security updates and decrease the possibility of potential package conflicts during the installation process. Let’s perform the necessary updates using the following command:

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade

This command will fetch and install any available updates for your Debian system.

Step 2: Preparation of Essential Packages

With an up-to-date system, the subsequent move is to install the necessary dependencies crucial for the successful installation of the Yandex Browser. Although your Debian system likely already has these packages, running the following command ensures their presence:

sudo apt install curl apt-transport-https -y

The above command installs curl (a utility to fetch data from or send data to servers) and apt-transport-https (a package that enables the APT package manager to retrieve files and data over HTTPS). If you encounter any difficulties during the Yandex Browser installation, re-checking this step might help resolve them.

Step 3: Integration of the Yandex Browser Repository

Having successfully installed the necessary packages, the next course of action involves integrating the Yandex Browser repository. To ensure the integrity and authenticity of the packages we’re about to install, importing the GPG (GNU Privacy Guard) key is necessary. You can achieve this by executing the following command:

curl -fSsL | sudo gpg --dearmor | sudo tee /usr/share/keyrings/yandex.gpg > /dev/null

Post the successful GPG key import, we can proceed to incorporate the Yandex Browser Stable and Beta repositories. It’s important to note that these two repositories possess separate installations. You have the flexibility to import either one or both based on your requirements.

To integrate the Yandex Browser Stable repository, execute the command below:

echo deb [arch=amd64 signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/yandex.gpg] stable main | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/yandex-stable.list

For incorporating the Yandex Browser Beta repository, use the command:

echo deb [arch=amd64 signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/yandex.gpg] beta main | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/yandex-beta.list

Step 4: Updating the Package List

Following the successful integration of the Yandex Browser repositories, it is now imperative to update the package list to reflect these new additions. This can be accomplished by running the APT update with the command:

sudo apt update

Step 5: Installing Yandex Browser

With the package list updated, the Debian system is now ready for the Yandex Browser installation. Based on the repositories imported, you can install either the stable version of Yandex Browser or the beta/development version.

To install the stable version of Yandex Browser, execute:

sudo apt install yandex-browser-stable

To install the beta version of Yandex Browser, use the command:

sudo apt install yandex-browser-beta

Section 2: Post-Installation Cleanup for Yandex Browser

After successfully installing the Yandex Browser on your Debian system, there are some post-installation processes to follow. These steps ensure your system remains free from unnecessary files and prevent potential issues during future package updates.

Step 1: Removal of Auto-Generated sources.list Files

Throughout the Yandex Browser installation, be it the stable or beta version, there is a possibility of creating additional sources.list files. Improper formatting of these ancillary files can trigger a cascade of error messages when executing the apt update command, hindering the smooth operation of your system.

Here’s the command to delete these superfluous sources.list files:

sudo rm /etc/apt/sources.list.d/yandex-browser-*.list

The above command is designed to remove any sources.list files related to Yandex Browser. This removal, regardless of the browser version installed (stable or beta), keeps only the sources.list files initially imported (i.e., yandex-beta.list and yandex-stable.list). It ensures the preservation of your system’s stability while removing potential sources of errors.

Step 2: Verification of sources.list Files Removal

Once the superfluous sources.list files are eliminated, it is critical to confirm the success of this operation. This step ensures that no related errors will arise in future updates. Verification is simply accomplished by running an apt update:

sudo apt update

This command should execute without generating any error messages associated with Yandex Browser, indicating the successful removal of the auto-generated sources.list files. Therefore, this step serves as a confirmation that your Debian system is now free of these extraneous files. It paves the way for a seamless user experience with your freshly installed Yandex Browser.

Section 3: Initiating Yandex Browser

Once Yandex Browser has been successfully installed on your Debian system, there are two primary methods for launching the application. Both command-line interface (CLI) and graphical user interface (GUI) methods are discussed below.

CLI Method for Starting Yandex Browser

You can launch Yandex Browser directly from the terminal. Depending on which version of Yandex Browser you have installed (stable or beta), you can use one of the following commands:

To start the stable version of Yandex Browser, use:


To start the beta version of Yandex Browser, use:


Executing one of the above commands will promptly open Yandex Browser, letting you surf the web right away.

GUI Method for Starting Yandex Browser

If you prefer a more visual approach, Yandex Browser can also be launched using the system’s GUI. Here’s the navigation path:

Start from your system’s Activities, proceed to Show Applications, and there, you should find Yandex Browser.

Activities > Show Applications > Yandex Browser

Example of Yandex application icons on the activities menu with Debian Linux:

Section 4: Essential Tips for Yandex Browser on Debian Linux

The Yandex Browser, popular for its user-friendly interface and advanced privacy features, can be further enhanced with the right usage tips. This section offers a set of practical tips and customizations specifically tailored for users of Yandex Browser on Debian Linux.

Configuring Browser Settings

For an improved browsing experience, consider adjusting some of the default settings in the Yandex Browser.

  • Default Search Engine: Change your default search engine according to your preference. Navigate to Settings > Search > Search Engine and select your preferred search engine from the drop-down list.
  • Homepage Customization: Personalize your browser’s homepage by navigating to Settings > On Startup. Here, you can opt to continue where you left off, open a new tab, or open a specific page or set of pages.
  • Privacy Settings: To enhance your privacy, navigate to Settings > Privacy and Security. Here, you can manage cookies, clear browsing data, and enable or disable the “Do Not Track” request.
  • Extensions Management: Extensions can add more functionality to your browser. Manage your extensions by navigating to Settings > Extensions. Here, you can enable, disable, or remove extensions.

Keyboard Shortcuts

Maximize your productivity by mastering keyboard shortcuts for the Yandex Browser.

  • Ctrl+T – Open a new tab
  • Ctrl+Shift+T – Reopen the last closed tab
  • Ctrl+Tab – Switch between open tabs
  • Ctrl+W – Close the current tab
  • Ctrl+R – Reload the current page
  • Ctrl+D – Bookmark the current page
  • Ctrl+Shift+Del – Open the Clear browsing data dialog

Clearing Cache and Cookies

Regularly clearing your cache and cookies can help your browser run smoother. To clear cache and cookies, navigate to Settings > Privacy and Security > Clear Browsing Data. Select “Cookies and other site data” and “Cached images and files”, then click Clear Data.

Using Incognito Mode

If you want to browse without your browsing history being recorded, use the incognito mode. You can access this mode by clicking on the three dots at the top right corner of the browser and selecting New Incognito Window or by using the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Shift+N.

Engage with the Community

Remember that the Yandex Browser community is a resourceful platform for troubleshooting, tips, and best practices. Be sure to reach out for assistance or share your insights with others.

Following these tips can elevate your Yandex Browser experience on Debian Linux, making web browsing more efficient and enjoyable.

Section 5: Additional Command-Line Operations for Yandex Browser on Debian Linux

In this part of the guide, we will delve deeper into the command-line operations that enhance your interaction with the Yandex Browser on Debian Linux. We will be covering crucial tasks such as updating the Yandex Browser to the latest version, the process of uninstalling the browser if the need arises, and the steps to remove the Yandex Browser repositories from your system.

Step 1: Keeping the Yandex Browser Updated

One of the key steps in maintaining a smooth and secure browsing experience is ensuring that your Yandex Browser is always updated to the latest version. The updating process is conveniently integrated into your system’s regular update procedure.

When you initiate a system update, the Yandex repository is also examined for any available updates. To do this, you will need to execute the following command in your terminal:

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade

This command checks all system packages, including the Yandex Browser, for available updates and upgrades them accordingly.

Step 2: Uninstalling the Yandex Browser

There might come a time when you need to uninstall the Yandex Browser from your system. Thankfully, this can be accomplished quite effortlessly with the correct terminal command. The command you need to use depends on the version of Yandex Browser installed on your system.

To remove the stable version of Yandex Browser, use this command:

sudo apt remove yandex-browser-stable

On the other hand, if you’re using the beta version of the browser, the command to use is:

sudo apt remove yandex-browser-beta

These commands not only remove the Yandex Browser but also clear out any unused dependencies associated with it.

Step 3: Eliminating Yandex Browser Repositories

Following the uninstallation of the Yandex Browser, it’s recommended that you also get rid of the repositories related to the Yandex Browser from your system.

To remove the repository associated with the stable version, utilize this command:

sudo rm /etc/apt/sources.list.d/yandex-stable.list

To get rid of the repository linked with the beta version, use this command:

sudo rm /etc/apt/sources.list.d/yandex-beta.list

These commands completely remove the Yandex Browser footprints from your Debian Linux system.

Closing Thoughts

In conclusion, we’ve traversed the complete journey of installing the Yandex Browser on a Debian Linux system, a process that offers a robust and customizable web browsing experience. We’ve gone through the crucial steps of setting up the required repositories, installing the browser, and even discussed some common post-installation cleanup tasks. In addition, we also tackled some essential command-line operations that can help manage the Yandex Browser on your Debian Linux system. With these steps, you should be comfortably equipped to navigate through the process of installing, using, and managing the Yandex Browser on Debian Linux.

Additional Resources and Links

Here are some additional resources to further your understanding and exploration of the Yandex Browser on Debian Linux:

  • Yandex Browser Official Website: This is the main hub for all things related to Yandex Browser. Here you can find the latest news, updates, and features regarding Yandex Browser.
  • Yandex Browser Help: This is an invaluable resource if you run into any issues while using Yandex Browser. It provides comprehensive guides and solutions to common problems that users may encounter.

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