How to Install Wine (WineHQ) on Linux Mint 21 LTS

Wine is the open-source compatibility layer that allows you to run Windows applications on various operating systems, including macOS and Linux. It translates each system call your application makes into an equivalent POSIX function used across all three platforms – something which can be very helpful if one doesn’t have access or need specific features available only in Microsoft’s OSs!

A few benefits come with using Wine, such as not having to worry about licensing issues associated with Windows-specific software or data compatibility between different platforms. Another significant advantage is that it’s usually much easier to find troubleshooting solutions for issues online using standard, well-documented software like Wine rather than windows-exclusive alternatives. For these reasons and more, many users find Wine a helpful tool for running Windows applications on their preferred operating system.

One of the most significant features worthy of mentioning is The Wine AppDB is a godsend for Linux users who want to use Windows-based programs. Not all programs will work this way, but the vast majority do. This program saves the trouble of dual-booting Windows and Linux or using a virtual machine. You can install Wine and run the apps you need in a Windows-like environment. Some programs may have strange bugs or crashes when run with no errors beforehand, but that’s to be expected. Overall, the Wine AppDB is a handy tool for anyone who needs to use Windows apps on their Linux machine.

In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install and configure Wine on Linux Mint 21 LTS release series using the command line terminal by importing the official WineHQ repository and installing the latest stable or next release titled development for those eager to try the latest bleeding-edge version of Wine for your windows compatibility needs.

Update Linux Mint

Before you begin, run a quick update to ensure your system is up-to-date to avoid any conflicts during the installation of Wine.



sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade -y

Install Required Packages

The following packages must be installed to assist in installing the software.

sudo apt install dirmngr ca-certificates software-properties-common gnupg gnupg2 apt-transport-https curl -y

If unsure, run the command; it will not harm you.

These are the most common software packages found on nearly all Linux distributions.

Enable 32-bit Support

Ideally, you should enable 32-bit architecture support, as many games and especially Windows applications may come in this form. Without it, you may be limited in what you can use with Wine.

sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386

Most users should enable this for lower-end systems that can only play lower-end games that come in 32bit format more often than not, and high-powered systems will not notice any impact having the packages installed.

Import WineHQ GPG Key & Repository

Before installing any versions of Wine from WineHQ, import the GPG key and the WineHQ from the Focal Fossa repository branch using the following steps.



First, import the GPG key required to verify the authenticity of the Wine packages from WineHQ.

curl -s https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key | gpg --dearmor | sudo tee /usr/share/keyrings/winehq.gpg > /dev/null

Using the following command, import the WineHQ repository.

echo deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/winehq.gpg] http://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ jammy main | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/winehq.list

Now, run an APT update to reflect the new packages that have been imported.

sudo apt update

Install Wine – WineHQ Stable Release

The first method is to install the latest Wine version from the stable branch. This is often the best solution as it is more updated than the default repository version while not bleeding-edge, such as the development release from WineHQ.

Run the following command to install the stable Wine release.

Example only for now:



sudo apt install winehq-stable --install-recommends  -y

Note that at this tutorial’s time, only WineHQ staging and development releases are supported due to how new Ubuntu 22.04 is, on which Linux Mint 21 LTS is based. I recommend the staging version, which is a good choice between stable/development releases. The alternative is using the standard version located in the default repository.

Once completed, verify the version you have installed by typing the following command:

wine --version

Alternative – Install Wine from the Default Repository

For users who prefer an older version, you can install this alternative version using one of the following commands.

Install Wine with the default repository 64-bit version only.

sudo apt install wine64 -y

For users that have enabled 32-bit Support, install both architectures as follows.

sudo apt install wine64 wine32 -y

Install Wine – WineHQ Staging Release

The second method is to install the latest Wine version from the staging branch. This ideally is the beta version or testing version just before release. I recommend the staging branch for users who prefer a newer version rather than stable without risking the instability risks of bleeding-edge, such as the development version.



Run the following command to install the Wine staging release.

sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-staging -y

Once completed, verify the version you have installed by typing the following command to give you an output.

wine --version

Install Wine – WineHQ Development Release

The third method is to install the latest Wine version from the development branch. This is bleeding-edge software and can sometimes be unstable or cause your system instability. This is recommended for more experienced users or developers that want a taste of what is to come.

With stable, run the following command to install the Wine development release.

sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-devel -y

Once completed, verify the version you have installed by typing the following command to give you an output.

wine --version

How to Finalize Wine Installation

Once WineHQ is installed, run the command winecfg” from your terminal, which will install the required environments for Wine to operate.



winecfg

Example output:

How to Install Wine (WineHQ) on Linux Mint 21 LTS

Press Install to proceed

How to Configure Wine

Once you have finished the installation, the Wine configuration dialogue will be shown. In this section of the software, you can configure various Wine settings. The default settings should be sufficient in most cases. However, if you change anything, the Windows version will default from Windows 7 to something more recently, such as Windows 10. Still, as of now, Windows 11 is not supported, given it has just been released.

How to Install Wine (WineHQ) on Linux Mint 21 LTS

Once finished, close the dialogue box.

Now, downloading any .exe Windows binary file that suits your configuration, you can run it by right-clicking, selecting “Open With Other Application,” and selecting Wine to run.

Example:



How to Install Wine (WineHQ) on Linux Mint 21 LTS

The example above downloaded Notepad++ and opened the installation .exe using Wine.

Proceed to install, then run your Windows application, the final look of installing Notepad++ on Linux Mint.

Example:

How to Install Wine (WineHQ) on Linux Mint 21 LTS

Example:

How to Install Wine (WineHQ) on Linux Mint 21 LTS

How to Run Wine From Terminal

While you can right-click applications downloaded and select open with Wine, as most users know, you can use the following command for strictly terminal terms.

wine PROGRAM [ARGUMENTS...]   Run the specified program

Example:



wine <application name>.exe

How to Update/Upgrade Wine

For future updates from WineHQ, this can be done using the APT update and APT upgrade command.

sudo apt upgrade && sudo apt update

How to Remove (Uninstall) Wine

Depending on your needs, you may need to remove a particular version of Wine to install another or remove it in full. Use one of the corresponding commands to match your version.

Remove WineHQ Stable Release

sudo apt autoremove winehq-stable -y

Remove WineHQ Staging Release

sudo apt autoremove winehq-staging -y

Remove WineHQ Development Release

sudo apt autoremove winehq-devel -y

For complete removal, delete the repository file.

sudo rm /etc/apt/sources.list.d/winehq*

If you have removed the WineHQ repository, it is recommended to remove the GPG key.

sudo rm /usr/share/keyrings/winehq*

Remove Wine (Default version)

The users that installed Wine from the default repository use the following command.

sudo apt autoremove wine32 wine64 -y

Comments and Conclusion

Wine has revolutionized the way we use our computers. It allows us to run Windows software on systems that would not otherwise be able to and opens up a whole world of possibilities for users who are not locked into Microsoft’s ecosystem. With Wine, you can have the best of both worlds – the compatibility and features of Windows applications with the freedom and flexibility offered by other operating systems. If you’re looking for a way to get more out of your computer or try out some older Windows software that may no longer be supported, Wine is worth checking out!




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1 thought on “How to Install Wine (WineHQ) on Linux Mint 21 LTS”

  1. Thanks very much – was able to follow this on Linux Mint 21 and get one of may favorite older Windows programs working

    Reply

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