How to Upgrade to Linux Mint 21.1 Vera

Linux Mint 21.1 “Vera” is a significant release that includes many new features and improvements. The Cinnamon desktop environment has been updated to version 5.6, bringing numerous performance and stability improvements and introducing a convenient new ISO verification tool – conveniently located in the context menu for easy access when right-clicking on your downloaded ISO images, guaranteeing the authenticity and integrity of every file.

Some other features include better support for high-resolution displays, an updated look and feel, and improved in-house tools such as the Driver Manager and Software Sources. The Driver Manager is now easier to use and can run in user mode, so it won’t ask for your password when launched. Additionally, the configuration of removed drivers can now be easily purged. Software Sources has also been updated, with better handling of PPA keys. These improvements make Linux Mint 21.1 “Vera” a more polished and user-friendly release, making it an excellent choice for newcomers to the Linux world.

The following tutorial will teach you how to upgrade to Linux Mint 21.1, codenamed Vera from Linux Mint 21.0, Vanessa, using the terminal with CLI commands. The Linux Mint team does not recommend this method, but it does work well for your standard Linux Mint system, given it is only a minor upgrade and not a major release.

Create a Time-Machine backup on Linux Mint

Before you continue, your Linux Mint system should have Timeshift installed by default. Open this up using the following menu path.


Users that have never done a backup using the RSYNC method if nothing else is available.


Once open, click create Snapshot. Depending on your system’s overall hardware and backup size, this may take a while.


Required Steps Before Upgrading to Linux Mint 21.1 Vera

The first step is to open your command terminal, update your existing system, and ensure all packages are up-to-date to avoid conflicts, do not skip this part.

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade

Optionally, run the following dist-upgrade command as well.

sudo apt dist-upgrade

Import 21.1 Vera Repository on Linux Mint

First, replace the vanessa release with the new release codename vera in your official-package-repositories.list file. This can be done quickly by using the following sed command.

sudo sed -i 's/vanessa/vera/g' /etc/apt/sources.list.d/official-package-repositories.list

Before you continue, if you like, you can open the /etc/apt/sources.list.d/official-package-repositories.list file location to verify that the sed command worked successfully. This can be skipped.

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list.d/official-package-repositories.list

Example from:

Example to:

Once confirmed, exit by pressing CTRL+X on your keyboard.

See also
How to Install LibreWolf on Linux Mint 21 or 20

Next, update your apt repository and begin preparing for the upgrade.

sudo apt-get update

Begin Upgrading to Linux Mint 21.1 Vera

Now that you have installed the repository and updated your apt-cache, you will have several packages to install. Begin the process with the following command.

sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

Example output:

Type Y, and press the ENTER KEY to proceed and upgrade your Linux Mint distribution.

Once complete, reboot your system. This can be done quickly by using the following command in your terminal.

sudo reboot

Post Installation Steps with Linux Mint 21.1 Vera

Now that you have returned to your system, the default look may not look too different from the original, regardless of whether you are using Cinnamon, XFCE, or MATE, as this wasn’t a significant upgrade. But you may notice that icons and small graphical user interface changes.




Use the following command to verify the version of your Linux Mint system, which should now be 21.1 Vera.


Or you can use the lsb_release command.

lsb_release -a

Alternatively, use the following neofetch command to show a pretty output of your system specs in the terminal.


Example output:

If neofetch is missing, this can be installed using the following command.

sudo apt install neofetch -y


In conclusion, this tutorial showed you how to upgrade Linux Mint 21.0 Vanessa to Linux Mint 21.1 Vera using cli commands and the command line terminal. The tutorial also demonstrated creating a Timeshift snapshot for backup and verifying each step of the upgrade process. Consequently, by following the steps outlined in this blog post, you should be able to successfully upgrade your version of Linux Mint without any significant issues.

17 thoughts on “How to Upgrade to Linux Mint 21.1 Vera”

  1. Hi, I just upgraded my LM 20.2 system to LM 20.3 following the instructions above.
    The apt repositories for “one” were already available.
    Excellent recommendation, clear and efficient.
    Thanks for posting this guide.

  2. Hello again, please my auto-correction tool change the word “una” to “one”…. is it possible to change this error and finally, re-write the word una correspondingly ? thank you.

    • Hi Juan,

      I think I get the issue, so basically open up the file with the following command.

      sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list.d/official-package-repositories.list

      The tutorial showed pictures of two versions with “uma” to “una” to verify the change. You should have “one” instead of “una” if I am correct?

      If this is so, then use your keyboard keys to get to “one” and change it to “una” then use control+o to save it, and then control+x to exit.

      After this, do the sudo apt update command and all should be fixed If I am correct in understanding your issue.

      Let me know, thanks.

  3. Sorry to bore you with this topic. The upgrade went smoothly and I have everything in perfect working order. The tutorial is great!
    Only in my text above does it say “the repositories for “one”…. instead of “the repositories for “una”…..
    This is what I wanted to correct… Thanks in any case for your attention.
    Have a nice day.

  4. Hello Joshua,

    I too like to thank you for the instructions by upgrading to mint 20.3: it was easy( for me no technical personal) because of clear and precise commands. Thank you very much.
    And I would appreciate very much your explanation about the troublesome appearance of the note by the (new) firefox with this upgrade: “your browser is being managed by your organisation”:
    first, again, there was not or no note before this upgrade,
    second, I have searched on internet about the significance but nothing, yet other user ask about it,
    third, is it so because I defined firefox as main browser? then by chromium nothing changed (till now). Should I change the primary browser to chromium?
    That frase is vexing, irritate me, I did click and I read so many true and false and I do not understand what all mean.
    So, you are a Specialist: I truly hope that you read my question and that can give an answer, and I believe that those linux-upgrade-user could receive the answer here on your page.
    Thank you for your attention. And thank you very much for your tutorials.

    • Hi Lucia, thanks for the kind message.

      The problem sounds frustrating and very odd. The best advice I can suggest is to back up bookmarks just for safety, remove browsers, and re-install Firefox first.

      What version is Firefox also? You can get this from the About section of the browser or type in terminal firefox –version

      To me, it sounds like you’ve installed or updated Firefox using something else like another software manager or a custom PPA or download instead of the default Linux Mint/Ubuntu 20.04 repositories, and when you upgraded to 20.3 instead of using the standard repos. Now it is advising the old method is handling the updates of Firefox still if this makes sense. Again, this is only a thought….

      In the end, it is a process of elimination I am sorry to say until the culprit is found, this is pretty rare for Linux and Firefox compared to Windows where this is pretty common.


  5. Actualice el sistema siguiendo el tutorial solo con la diferencia que use los repositorios de una universidad de cuba bien actualizada y todo de maravillas sin error alguno, gracias por el tutorial y saludos desde la isla cubana.

  6. Muchísimas gracias, no me atrevía a actualizar a través del gestor de actualizaciones y tampoco quería reinstalar el sistema desde cero, me decidí hacerlo a través de tus indicaciones y he podido actualizarlo perfectamente, nuevamente, muchas gracia. Saludos desde Montevideo, Uruguay.

  7. Just upgraded LM 21 to 21.1…appears to be working fine….install/upgrade completed without issue….thank you Joshua…the screenshots are always helpful for newbie’s like myself…my background is IT tech support for Windows machines/ipads, phones, etc. for the past 20+ years….got really tired of using windows (with all the tracking/telemetry shyte, not to mention the time it takes to install/update windows – TRASH). Loving Linux.

    • Thanks for the comment Dean; glad it worked out. It should be pretty straightforward, given it’s just a minor upgrade, my second daily driver uses Mint, and so far, on 21.1, I found nothing negative personally using the same method.

      Just some friendly advice to take extra snapshots with 21.1, maybe set it up daily or something similar. Vera 21.1 should be decently stable since it is not like the initial 21.0 release but still until things settle down if you get what I mean since it’s technically in the final beta phase. Linux Mint makes this so easy compared to a lot of other distros.


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