How to Install Google Chrome on elementary OS 6

Google Chrome is the most used Internet Explorer software globally, with a recent update in 2022 that Chrome is currently the primary browser of more than 2.65 billion internet users. However, as you would know, after installing the elementary OS, only GNOME Web is packaged with the distribution but luckily, installing Google Chrome is a straightforward task.

In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install Google Chrome on elementary OS using the command line terminal in three alternative ways: stable, beta, or unstable versions.

Update elementary OS

First, update your system to ensure all existing packages are up to date.

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade

Install Required Packages

To successfully install the browser, you will need to install the following packages; run this command if you are unsure; it will not harm your system.

sudo apt install software-properties-common apt-transport-https wget ca-certificates gnupg2 -y

These are pretty generic dependencies that may be already installed. Run the command regardless if unsure, as many other installations will require these on your system.

Install Google Chrome Browser

Import Google Chrome GPG Key

The first step in installing Google Chrome is to import the GPG key for the digital signature; without this, your installation will not complete successfully.

Import the GPG key, and use the following command.

sudo wget -O- https://dl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub | gpg --dearmor | sudo tee /usr/share/keyrings/google-chrome.gpg

Import Google Chrome Repository

Once the GPG import is complete, you will need to import the Google Chrome repository.

echo deb [arch=amd64 signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/google-chrome.gpg] http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb/ stable main | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google-chrome.list

Install Google Chrome – Stable

The next step is to update the repository list using the apt update command to reflect the new additions to the apt sources list.

sudo apt update

Next, install the Google Chrome stable edition, the recommended option for most users.

sudo apt install google-chrome-stable -y

Install Google Chrome Beta / Unstable

Alternatively, you can install Google Chrome Beta or Unstable. These two versions are not recommended for daily use, especially not on a main desktop or production server. However, you can install alternative versions for those who want to live on the edge.

Install Google Chrome Beta

sudo apt install google-chrome-beta -y

Install Google Chrome Unstable (Nightly Build)

sudo apt install google-chrome-unstable -y

How to Launch Google Chrome Browser

Now that you have installed Chrome, you can launch the application. You can type the following command in the terminal to launch Chrome:

google-chrome

However, this isn’t practical, and you would use the following path on your desktop.

Applications > Search > Google Chrome {version} > Show Applications > Google Chrome

Example:

Install Google Chrome on elementary OS 6.xx

The first time you open Google Chrome, you will be greeted by the following pop-up.

Example:

Install Google Chrome on elementary OS 6.xx

Untick or leave as is by setting Chrome to the default Browser over what is typically Firefox, along with the option of sending Google data and crash reports.

Click the OK button to continue.

Next, you will be prompted to skip this or sign in optionally.

Click on the X in the Chrome Browser tab to skip.

Example:

Install Google Chrome on elementary OS 6.xx

Once done, you will see The Google Chrome Browser finally as per below:

Install Google Chrome on elementary OS 6.xx

Congratulations, you have installed Google Chrome Browser.

How to Update/Upgrade Google Chrome Browser

Ideally, you should check for updates using the terminal often; sometimes, the GUI update notifications may update Google Chrome; run the APT update command in your terminal.

sudo apt update

If one is available, use the upgrade option:

sudo apt upgrade

Note this will update all packages (recommended), for example, to upgrade the Chrome package.

sudo apt upgrade google-chrome-stable

How to Uninstall (Remove) Google Chrome Browser

Remove Google Chrome Stable

Remove the browser using the following command for users who are no longer interested in the stable Google Chrome Browser.

sudo apt autoremove google-chrome-stable --purge

Users who have installed the non-stable versions use the following command to suit your installation.

Remove Google Chrome Beta

sudo apt autoremove google-chrome-beta --purge

Remove Google Chrome Unstable (Nightly Build)

sudo apt autoremove google-chrome-unstable --purge

Next, remove the repository that was imported with the following commands.

sudo rm /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google*

Lastly, remove the GPG key.

sudo rm /usr/share/keyrings/google*

Troubleshooting Multiple Sources.list

Please note you can install all three. However, each installation will create a new sources list in your /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ directory. When you use the apt update command, you will have multiple sources.list for Google Chrome, and some will be ignored.

Just remove the extras and keep the original one. If you accidentally delete them all, copy the import directory code in this tutorial.

Example of a quick fix.

sudo rm /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google*

Then re-add the one repository.

echo deb [arch=amd64 signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/google-chrome.gpg] http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb/ stable main | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google-chrome.list

Remember to run an APT update.

sudo apt update

This should fix the issue in the future, and you will still receive updates for all three browsers.

Comments and Conclusion

In the tutorial, you have learned how to add and import the GPG key and repository, then install Google Chrome’s latest stable or alternative upstream version on elementary OS 6.xx.

Overall, Chrome is the most used browser, with 70% of users using it. Remember, it is probably one of the most targeted Internet Browsers for zero-day exploits. Keep it up to date, and you will be fine.



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