Otu esi etinye mmanya na Linux Mint 20

Mmanya bụ oyi akwa ndakọrịta nke mepere emepe na-enye gị ohere ịme ngwa Windows na sistemụ arụmọrụ dịka Unix Linux, FreeBSD, na macOS. Ọ bụ interface na-atụgharị oku sistemu Windows ka ọ bụrụ oku POSIX nhata nke ejiri Linux yana sistemụ arụmọrụ ndị ọzọ dabere na Unix.

Maka ndị ọrụ Linux, Wine bụ onye nzọpụta mgbe ị na-agba ngwa dabere na Windows na sistemụ UNIX. Agbanyeghị, ọ bụghị ngwa Windows niile ga-agba na mmanya ma nwee ike ịnwe mkpọka ma ọ bụ ahụhụ dị iche iche. Nke Wine AppDB bụ nchekwa data nwere ndepụta ngwa anwalela ma kwenye na ọ na-arụ ọrụ n'okpuru mmanya.

Ọmụmaatụ nke uru mmanya na Windows:

  • Mmanya na-eme ka o kwe omume iji ohere Unix niile siri ike (nkwụsi ike, mgbanwe, nchịkwa dịpụrụ adịpụ) ka ị na-eji ngwa Windows ị dabere na ya.
  • Unix emela ka o kwe omume ide edemede dị ike. Mmanya na-eme ka o kwe omume ịkpọ ngwa Windows site na scripts nke nwekwara ike ịkwado gburugburu Unix ruo n'ókè ya.
  • Mmanya na-eme ka o kwe omume ịnweta ngwa Windows na anya, ọbụlagodi ma ọ bụrụ na ha dị puku kilomita ole na ole.
  • Mmanya na-eme ka ọ bụrụ akụ na ụba iji ndị ahịa dị gịrịgịrị: wụnye Wine na sava Linux, yana voila, ị nwere ike ịnweta ngwa Windows ndị a site na ọdụ X ọ bụla.
  • Enwere ike iji mmanya mee ngwa Windows dị na webụ site na iji VNC na ndị ahịa Java/HTML5.
  • Wine bụ sọftụwia mepere emepe, yabụ ị nwere ike ịgbatị ya ka ọ dabara maka mkpa gị ma ọ bụ mee ka otu n'ime ọtụtụ ụlọ ọrụ meere gị ya.

Na njedebe nke nkuzi, ị ga-amụta otú e si wụnye na hazie Mmanya na Linux Mint 20 sistemụ arụmọrụ.

Prerequisites

Melite Sistemụ Ọrụ

Melite gi Mint Linux Sistemụ arụmọrụ iji hụ na ngwugwu niile dị adị adịla ugbu a:

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade -y

Nkuzi a ga-eji ya sudo iwu na na-eche na ị nwere ọnọdụ sudo. Iji nyochaa ọkwa sudo na akaụntụ gị:

sudo whoami

Ihe atụ na-egosi ọkwa sudo:

[joshua@linuxmint ~]$ sudo whoami
root

Ọ bụrụ na ịtọbeghị akaụntụ onye ọrụ sudo ma ọ ga-amasị gị, gaa na nkuzi anyị Otu esi etinye onye ọrụ na Sudoers na Linux Mint.

Iji mgbọrọgwụ akaụntụ, jiri iwu na-esonụ na paswọọdụ mgbọrọgwụ banye.

su

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Lelee Linux Mint ma ọ bụrụ 32-bit ma ọ bụ 64-bit

Nzọụkwụ mbụ bụ ịchọpụta ma sistemụ gị bụ 32-bit ma ọ bụ 64-bit nke ọma. Iji mee nke a, gbaa ọsọ lscpu iwu:

lscpu

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Linux Mint 20

Ọ bụrụ na ị chọpụta akara CPU op-mode(s), ntinye a na-agwa ihe ị na-agba.

Iji mebie ya:

  • 32-bit pụtara na ị na-agba ọsọ a 32-bit Linux os
  • 32-bit, 64-ibe na-egosi na ị na-agba a 64-bit OS

Wụnye mmanya sitere na Linux Mint Repository

Wụnye Architecture

Nzọụkwụ mbụ bụ ịgbakwunye i386 architecture tupu ịwụnye mmanya.

sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386

Wụnye mmanya

Ugbu a ịmara ụdị mmanya ị ga-etinye, ị nwere ike iwunye ụdị mmanya kacha ọhụrụ na nke kwụsiri ike site na ebe nchekwa Linux Mints.

Maka naanị 32bit:

sudo apt install wine32

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Linux Mint 20

ụdị "Y", wee pịa "Tinye igodo" ịga n'ihu na nwụnye.

Maka naanị 64bit:

sudo apt install wine64

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Linux Mint 20

ụdị "Y", wee pịa "Tinye igodo" ịga n'ihu na nwụnye.

Ị nwere ike kwado ụdị mmanya gị iji nyochaa nrụnye wee wuo site na iji iwu a:

wine --version

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

wine-5.0 (Ubuntu 5.0-3ubuntu1)

Mara, ịwụnye mmanya sitere na ebe nchekwa ndabara ga-abụ ụdị ochie karịa nke dị ugbu a sitere na WineHQ.


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Wụnye mmanya sitere na ebe nchekwa WineHQ

Iji jiri ụdị ọhụụ ọhụrụ sitere na Wine, ị ga-achọ iji ebe nchekwa ha iji wụnye ma ọ bụ melite. A na-emepe mmanya mgbe niile yana mwepu ọtụtụ oge kwa ọnwa maka ndozi, ndozi ahụhụ na ndozi.

Iji wụnye, soro usoro ndị a:

Wụnye Architecture

Nzọụkwụ mbụ bụ ịgbakwunye i386 architecture tupu ịwụnye mmanya.

sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386

Bubata igodo GPG

Nzọụkwụ mbụ na ịwụnye ihe nrụpụta mmanya ọhụrụ bụ ibubata igodo GPG:

sudo wget -qO- https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key | sudo apt-key add -

Ọ bụrụ nbudata na ibubata nke ọma, ị ga-enweta nsonaazụ:

OK

Bubata ebe nchekwa (iji Ubuntu 20.04 Focal)

sudo apt install software-properties-common && sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ focal main'

Wụnye mmanya

Ugbu a ị webatara ya igodo GPG na ụlọ ọrụ nchekwa, gaba n'ihu tinye Wine site na iji iwu a:

sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-stable

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Linux Mint 20

ụdị "Y", wee pịa "Tinye igodo" ịga n'ihu na nwụnye.

Ma ọ bụ ọ bụrụ na ịchọrọ ịwụnye alaka mmepe jiri ihe ndị a:

sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-devel

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Linux Mint 20

ụdị Y, wee pịa tinye igodo ịga n'ihu na nwụnye.

Mara, ngalaba mmepe WineHQ bụ ụdị mmanya kacha ọhụrụ sitere na ndị mmepe. Ọ nwere ike bụrụ ihe na-akwụghị ụgwọ mgbe niile ma ọ bụ naanị ndị mmepe kwesịrị itinye ya na ọ bụghị nkezi onye ọrụ ọ gwụla ma ịchọrọ ibi na nsọtụ.

N'ikpeazụ, nyochaa ụdị mmanya gị:

wine --version

Ị ga-enweta mmepụta na-esonụ (Ọmụmaatụ naanị):

wine-6.15

Nwụnye na nhazi biputere

Ka ịmalite mmanya, mee iwu ahụ mmanya mmanya site na ọdụ Linux Mint gị. Iwu a ga-aga n'ihu ịwụnye Mono na Gecko wee tọọ gburugburu Wine.

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Linux Mint 20

Press wụnye ka esi na Mono gaa na Gecko Installer.

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Linux Mint 20

Ọzọ, pịa wụnye bọtịnụ ka ịga n'ihu imecha nrụnye ahụ.

Ozugbo ịmechara, a ga-egosi mkparịta ụka nhazi mmanya. Na ngalaba nke ngwanro a, ị nwere ike hazie ntọala mmanya dị iche iche.

Ntọala ndabara kwesịrị ezuru n'ọtụtụ ọnọdụ. Agbanyeghị, ọ bụrụ na ị gbanwee ihe ọ bụla, ụdị Windows ga-adabara Windows 7 na ihe na-adịbeghị anya, dị ka Windows 10.

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Linux Mint 20

Ozugbo emechara, mechie igbe mkparịta ụka site na ịpị OK bọtịnụ.


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Ọmụmaatụ nke iji mmanya wụnye Windows App

Na nkenke ọmụmaatụ, anyị ga-eji Wine tinye ngwa nkata telegram. Mara na nke a na-abịa n'ụdị na ngwugwu Linux, mana anyị ga-eji mmanya wụnye ụdị Windows na sistemụ arụmọrụ Mint Linux maka ebumnuche ntuziaka.

Nke mbụ, nbudata Telegram Versiondị Windows .exe ngwugwu.

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Linux Mint 20

Ọzọ, gaa na ndekọ nbudata gị na pịa nri na .exe nke Telegram ngwa ị chọrọ iji wụnye.

Windows x64 ụdị njikọ:

https://telegram.org/dl/desktop/win64
Otu esi etinye mmanya na Linux Mint 20

Ozugbo ibudatara ya Ụdị Windows nke Telegram, pịa nri na .exe. Ugbu a ị ga-ahụ Mepee na ihe nchọgharị mmanya. Pịa ya imepe ngwa Windows na sistemụ arụmọrụ Mint 20 Linux gị.

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Linux Mint 20

Na-esote, ị ga-ahụ igbe nhazi mbụ pụtara maka Telegram.

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Linux Mint 20

Họrọ asụsụ gị, wee pịa ya OK bọtịnụ.

Na-esote bụ ụzọ nrụnye ndabara. Dịka ị na-ahụ, ọ nwere ụzọ nrụnye ndabara dị ka Windows, C: ndị ọrụ Linux nwere ike Ngwa DataTelegram. Desktọpụ. Awụnyere ngwa Windows n'ọtụtụ sistemụ dabere na Linux na sistemụ Mint Linux gị n'ime ~/.wine/drive_c/ ndekọ.

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Linux Mint 20

Maka ọtụtụ ndị ọrụ, hapụ dị ka ndabara, wee pịa ya Ọzọ > bọtịnụ ịga n'ihu na nwụnye.

Na nzọụkwụ na-esote, ị nwere ike ịgbanwe folda ahụ, emetụla nke a aka. Ihe ndabara kwesịrị ịdị mma. Nhọrọ, ị nwere ike ịpụ na ịmepụta folda menu mmalite site na ịhọrọ Emepụtala nchekwa menu mmalite.

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Linux Mint 20

Pịa na Ọzọ > bọtịnụ ịga n'ihu na ibe na-esote.

Ozugbo ịmechara nke a, ị ga-enweta nhọrọ ọhụrụ Mepụta ụzọ mkpirisi desktọọpụ. Site na ndabara, ahọpụtara ya. Ọ bụrụ na ịchọghị nke a, wepụzie ma pịa ya Osote > button.

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Linux Mint 20

N'ikpeazụ, ị ga-ahụ nchịkọta nke nhọrọ ndị ị họrọla. Ọ bụrụ na ịchọrọ ịgbanwe ihe ọ bụla, ugbu a bụ oge.

Ọ bụrụ na ihe niile dị n'usoro wee zie ezi, pịa Wụnye bọtịnụ imecha echichi nke Telegram.

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Linux Mint 20

N'ozuzu, nrụnye kwesịrị iwe ihe na-erughị 10 sekọnd ozugbo emechara. Ị ga-ahụ ihe ndị a:

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Linux Mint 20

pịa Imecha bọtịnụ, wee malite Telegram.

Ekele, mmanya gị na-arụ ọrụ nke ọma iji wụnye ngwa Windows na sistemụ Mint Linux gị.

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Linux Mint 20

Mara, ọ bụrụ na ị nwere nsogbu ịwụnye ngwa ọ bụla, na-ebu ụzọ were ụdị kwụsiri ike tupu ngalaba mmepe.

Otu esi ewepu mmanya (wepu) mmanya

Dabere n'ụdị nhọrọ ị na-ahọrọ ka esi etinye mmanya, ụfọdụ ụzọ iji wepụ bụ:

Wepu mmanya 32-bit:

sudo apt remove wine32

Wepu mmanya 64-bit:

sudo apt remove wine64

Wepu WineHQ Stable:

sudo apt remove --install-recommends winehq-stable

Wepu Mmepe WineHQ:

sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-devel

Hichaa ihe niile fọdụrụnụ:

sudo apt-get autoremove --purge

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Okwu na mmechi

N'ime ntuziaka a, ị mụtala otu esi etinye mmanya, gụnyere ngosipụta nke ịwụnye ngwa Windows .exe site na iji Wine na sistemụ arụmọrụ dabere na Linux Mint. N'ozuzu, mmanya bụ mmemme magburu onwe ya na ụfọdụ ezigbo uru na-ejikọta Windows na Linux maka onye ọrụ.

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Lee echiche niile

Nke a bụ ezigbo nkuzi. Enwere ike iji ihe ọmụma enwetara ma ghọta ya na nsụgharị Linux ndị ọzọ.

nnukwu ibu

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Ga-ahụ n'anya gị echiche, biko okwu.x