Otu esi etinye mmanya na Debian 11 Bullseye

Mmanya bụ oyi akwa ndakọrịta nke mepere emepe na-enye gị ohere ịme ngwa Windows na sistemụ arụmọrụ dịka Unix Linux, FreeBSD, na macOS. Ọ bụ interface na-atụgharị oku sistemu Windows ka ọ bụrụ oku POSIX nhata nke ejiri Linux yana sistemụ arụmọrụ ndị ọzọ dabere na Unix.

Maka ndị ọrụ Linux, Wine bụ onye nzọpụta mgbe ị na-agba ngwa dabere na Windows na sistemụ UNIX. Agbanyeghị, ọ bụghị ngwa Windows niile ga-agba na mmanya ma nwee ike ịnwe mkpọka ma ọ bụ ahụhụ dị iche iche. Nke Wine AppDB bụ nchekwa data nwere ndepụta ngwa anwalela ma kwenye na ọ na-arụ ọrụ n'okpuru mmanya.

Ọmụmaatụ nke uru mmanya na Windows:

  • Mmanya na-eme ka o kwe omume iji ohere Unix niile siri ike (nkwụsi ike, mgbanwe, nchịkwa dịpụrụ adịpụ) ka ị na-eji ngwa Windows ị dabere na ya.
  • Unix emela ka o kwe omume ide edemede dị ike. Mmanya na-eme ka o kwe omume ịkpọ ngwa Windows site na scripts nke nwekwara ike ịkwado gburugburu Unix ruo n'ókè ya.
  • Mmanya na-eme ka o kwe omume ịnweta ngwa Windows na anya, ọbụlagodi ma ọ bụrụ na ha dị puku kilomita ole na ole.
  • Mmanya na-eme ka ọ bụrụ akụ na ụba iji ndị ahịa dị gịrịgịrị: wụnye Wine na sava Linux, yana voila, ị nwere ike ịnweta ngwa Windows ndị a site na ọdụ X ọ bụla.
  • Enwere ike iji mmanya mee ngwa Windows dị na webụ site na iji VNC na ndị ahịa Java/HTML5.
  • Wine bụ sọftụwia mepere emepe, yabụ ị nwere ike ịgbatị ya ka ọ dabara maka mkpa gị ma ọ bụ mee ka otu n'ime ọtụtụ ụlọ ọrụ meere gị ya.
  • Mmanya na-eme ka o kwe omume iji ohere Unix niile siri ike (nkwụsi ike, mgbanwe, nchịkwa dịpụrụ adịpụ) ka ị na-eji ngwa Windows ị dabere na ya.
  • Unix emela ka o kwe omume ide edemede dị ike. Mmanya na-eme ka o kwe omume ịkpọ ngwa Windows site na scripts nke nwekwara ike ịkwado gburugburu Unix ruo n'ókè ya.
  • Mmanya na-eme ka o kwe omume ịnweta ngwa Windows na anya, ọbụlagodi ma ọ bụrụ na ha dị puku kilomita ole na ole.
  • Mmanya na-eme ka ọ bụrụ akụ na ụba iji ndị ahịa dị gịrịgịrị: wụnye Wine na sava Linux, yana voila, ị nwere ike ịnweta ngwa Windows ndị a site na ọdụ X ọ bụla.
  • Enwere ike iji mmanya mee ngwa Windows dị na webụ site na iji VNC na ndị ahịa Java/HTML5.
  • Wine bụ sọftụwia mepere emepe, yabụ ị nwere ike ịgbatị ya ka ọ dabara maka mkpa gị ma ọ bụ mee ka otu n'ime ọtụtụ ụlọ ọrụ meere gị ya.

Na njedebe nke nkuzi, ị ga-amụta otú e si wụnye na hazie Mmanya na sistemụ Debian 11 Bullseye gị.

Prerequisites

  • OS akwadoro: Nnenna 11 Bullseye
  • Akaụntụ onye ọrụ: Akaụntụ onye ọrụ nwere sudo ihe ùgwù or ohere mgbọrọgwụ (su Command).

Na-emelite Sistemụ Ọrụ

Melite gi Debian 11 Sistemụ arụmọrụ iji hụ na ngwugwu niile dị adị adịla ugbu a:

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade

Mgbọrọgwụ ma ọ bụ Sudo Access

Site na ndabara, mgbe ị mepụtara akaụntụ gị na mmalite na Debian ma e jiri ya tụnyere nkesa ndị ọzọ, ọ naghị enweta ọkwa sudoers ozugbo. Ị ga-enwerịrị ike ịnweta ya mgbọrọgwụ paswọọdụ iji iwu su ma ọ bụ gaa na nkuzi nkuzi anyị Otu esi etinye onye ọrụ na Sudoers na Debian.


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Lelee Debian ma ọ bụrụ 32-bit ma ọ bụ 64-bit

Nzọụkwụ mbụ bụ ịchọpụta ma sistemụ gị bụ 32-bit ma ọ bụ 64-bit nke ọma. Iji mee nke a, gbaa ọsọ lscpu iwu:

lscpu

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

Ọ bụrụ na ị chọpụta akara CPU op-mode(s), ntinye a na-agwa ihe ị na-agba.

Iji mebie ya:

  • 32-bit pụtara na ị na-agba ọsọ a 32-bit Linux os
  • 32-bit, 64-ibe na-egosi na ị na-agba a 64-bit OS

Wụnye mmanya sitere na ebe nchekwa Debian

Wụnye Architecture

Nzọụkwụ mbụ bụ ịgbakwunye i386 architecture.

sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386

Ugbu a ịmara ụdị mmanya ị ga-etinye, ị nwere ike ịwụnye ụdị mmanya kacha ọhụrụ na nke kwụsiri ike site na ebe nchekwa Debian.

Maka naanị 32bit:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt install wine32 -y

Maka 32bit na 64bit:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt install wine32 wine64 -y

Ị nwere ike kwado ụdị mmanya gị iji nyochaa nrụnye wee wuo site na iji iwu a:

wine --version

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

wine-5.0.3 (Debian 5.0.3-3)

Mara, ịwụnye mmanya sitere na ebe nchekwa ndabara ga-abụ ụdị ochie karịa nke dị ugbu a sitere na WineHQ.


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Wụnye mmanya sitere na ebe nchekwa WineHQ

Iji jiri ụdị ọhụụ ọhụrụ sitere na Wine, ị ga-achọ iji ebe nchekwa ha iji wụnye ma ọ bụ melite. A na-emepe mmanya mgbe niile yana mwepu ọtụtụ oge kwa ọnwa maka ndozi, ndozi ahụhụ na ndozi.

Iji wụnye, soro usoro ndị a:

Wụnye Architecture

Nzọụkwụ mbụ bụ ịgbakwunye i386 architecture.

sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386

Bubata igodo GPG

Nzọụkwụ mbụ na ịwụnye ihe nrụpụta mmanya ọhụrụ bụ ibubata igodo GPG:

sudo wget -qO- https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key | sudo apt-key add -

Ọ bụrụ nbudata na ibubata nke ọma, ị ga-enweta nsonaazụ:

OK

Bubata ebe nchekwa

sudo apt install software-properties-common && sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/debian/ bullseye main'

Wụnye mmanya

Ugbu a ị webatara ya igodo GPG na ụlọ ọrụ nchekwa, gaba n'ihu tinye Wine site na iji iwu a:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-stable 

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

ụdị Y, wee pịa Tinye igodo ịga n'ihu na nwụnye.

Ma ọ bụ ọ bụrụ na ịchọrọ ịwụnye alaka mmepe jiri ihe ndị a:

sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-devel

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

ụdị Y, wee pịa Tinye igodo ịga n'ihu na nwụnye.

Mara, ngalaba mmepe WineHQ bụ ụdị mmanya kacha ọhụrụ sitere na ndị mmepe. Ọ nwere ike bụrụ ihe na-akwụghị ụgwọ mgbe niile ma ọ bụ naanị ndị mmepe kwesịrị itinye ya na ọ bụghị nkezi onye ọrụ ọ gwụla ma ịchọrọ ibi na nsọtụ.

N'ikpeazụ, nyochaa ụdị mmanya gị:

wine --version

Ị ga-enweta mmepụta na-esonụ (Ọmụmaatụ naanị):

wine-6.17

Nwụnye na nhazi biputere

Ka ịmalite mmanya, mee iwu ahụ mmanya mmanya site na njedebe gị. Iwu a ga-aga n'ihu ịwụnye Mono na Gecko ma tọọ gburugburu Wine.

Press wụnye ka esi na Mono gaa na Gecko Installer.

Ọzọ, pịa wụnye bọtịnụ ka ịga n'ihu imecha nrụnye ahụ.

Ozugbo ịmechara, a ga-egosi mkparịta ụka nhazi mmanya. Na ngalaba nke ngwanro a, ị nwere ike hazie ntọala mmanya dị iche iche.

Ntọala ndabara kwesịrị ezuru n'ọtụtụ ọnọdụ. Agbanyeghị, ọ bụrụ na ị gbanwee ihe ọ bụla, ụdị Windows ga-adabara Windows 7 na ihe na-adịbeghị anya, dị ka Windows 10.

Ihe Nlereanya:

Ozugbo emechara, mechie igbe mkparịta ụka site na ịpị OK bọtịnụ.


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Ọmụmaatụ nke iji mmanya wụnye Windows App

Na nkenke ọmụmaatụ, anyị ga-eji Wine tinye ngwa nkata Notepad ++.

Nke mbụ, gaa na download page wee họrọ Versiondị Windows .exe ngwugwu.

Windows x64 ụdị njikọ:

wget https://github.com/notepad-plus-plus/notepad-plus-plus/releases/download/v8.1.4/npp.8.1.4.Installer.x64.exe

Ozugbo ibudatara ya Ụdị Windows nke Notepad++, gaa na ndekọ ihe nbudata gị ma ọ bụ ebe ị na-echekwa faịlụ ebudatara ma mee iwu njedebe ndị a:

wine ./npp.8.1.4.Installer.x64.exe

Na-esote, ị ga-ahụ igbe nhazi mbụ pụtara maka nrụnye.

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Debian 11 Bullseye

Họrọ asụsụ gị, wee pịa ya OK bọtịnụ.

Ihuenyo na-esote bụ ozi dị nkenke gbasara ndụmọdụ sitere na Notepad++ na nrụnye. Pịa Ọzọ > bọtịnụ ịmalite nrụnye.

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Debian 11 Bullseye

Nkwekọrịta ikike Notepad++, pịa Ekwenyere m na-aga n'ihu.

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Debian 11 Bullseye

Na-esote bụ ụzọ nrụnye ndabara. Dịka ị na-ahụ, ọ nwere ụzọ nrụnye ndabara dị ka Windows, C: ndị ọrụ Linux nwere ike Ngwa Datapad++. Desktọpụ. Awụnyere ngwa Windows n'ọtụtụ sistemụ dabere na Linux n'ime ~/.wine/drive_c/ ndekọ.

Maka ọtụtụ ndị ọrụ, hapụ dị ka ndabara, wee pịa ya Ọzọ > bọtịnụ ịga n'ihu na nwụnye.

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Debian 11 Bullseye

Họrọ ụdị ọkọlọtọ nwụnye ma ọ bụ omenala wee mee mgbanwe dị mkpa. Ozugbo emechara, pịa Ọzọ > bọtịnụ aga n'ihu.

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Debian 11 Bullseye

Mepụta akara ngosi ụzọ mkpirisi, họrọ ya ma ọ bụ ghara, wee pịa ya Wụnye bọtịnụ ịga n'ihu na nwụnye.

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Debian 11 Bullseye

Ozugbo emechara, ihuenyo nwụnye ihe ịga nke ọma ga-apụta; pịa Emechaa bọtịnụ ka imepe Notepad++.

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Debian 11 Bullseye

Ekele, ị tinyela Notepad++ site na iji Wine na Debian 11 Bullseye.

Ihe Nlereanya:

Otu esi etinye mmanya na Debian 11 Bullseye

Mara, ọ bụrụ na ị nwere nsogbu ịwụnye ngwa ọ bụla, na-ebu ụzọ were ụdị kwụsiri ike tupu ngalaba mmepe.

Wepu mmanya (wepu) mmanya

Dabere n'ụdị nhọrọ ị na-ahọrọ ka esi etinye mmanya, ụfọdụ ụzọ iji wepụ bụ:

Wepu mmanya 32-bit:

sudo apt autoremove wine32 --purge

Wepu mmanya 64-bit:

sudo apt autoremove wine64 --purge

Wepu WineHQ Stable:

sudo apt autoremove --install-recommends winehq-stable --purge

Wepu Mmepe WineHQ:

sudo apt autoremove --install-recommends winehq-devel --purge

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Okwu na mmechi

N'ime ntuziaka a, ị mụtala otu esi etinye mmanya, gụnyere ngosipụta nke ịwụnye ngwa Windows .exe site na iji Wine na sistemụ arụmọrụ dabere na Debian gị. N'ozuzu, Wine bụ mmemme magburu onwe ya na ụfọdụ ezigbo uru na-ejikọta Windows na Linux maka onye ọrụ.

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