Otu esi etinye ma ọ bụ kwalite na Linux Kernel 5.14 na Debian 11 Bullseye

Linux kernel 5.14 apụtala ma bụrụ onye ama ama maka iji ọtụtụ atụmatụ, nkwado na nchekwa ọhụrụ nwalee. Mwepụta kernel Linux 5.14 agabigala ndị ntọhapụ asaa n'ime ọnwa abụọ gara aga yana rite uru site na ntinye aka nke ndị nrụpụta 1,650 dị iche iche. Ndị na-enye aka na mmepe kernel Linux gụnyere ndị na-enye aka na ndị na-ere ahịa a ma ama dị ka Intel, AMD, IBM, Oracle, na Samsung.

Kernel 5.14 Atụmatụ ọhụrụ

Enwere nnukwu ndepụta mgbanwe maka 5.14; ụfọdụ gụnyere:

  • AMD Smart Shift laptọọpụ.
  • Nkwado AMD SFH maka ihe mmetụta ọkụ na nchọpụta ọnụnọ mmadụ na laptọọpụ AMD Ryzen ọhụrụ.
  • Usoro ịgba ọsọ ACPI Platform (na-enye ohere ịwepụ ụfọdụ njikwa sistemu na-egbochi ndị na-ahụ maka sistemu na ọnọdụ njikwa sistemu wee banye n'ọnọdụ mkpochapụ OS/VMM).
  • interface nhazi nhazi nke isi iji nyere aka belata ohere onye ọrụ na oghere onye ọrụ yana mwakpo-na-kernel.
  • Nkwado laptọọpụ nzuzo Dell Hardware.
  • Sistemụ Faịlụ Flash-Enyi na Enyi na-agụ naanị mode.
  • Oku hyper-V kacha ọsọ ọsọ maka ndị ọbịa Hyper-V.
  • Intel P-State maka ngwakọ ngwakọ maka Alder Lake.
  • Nkwado Raspberry Pi 400.
  • Nkwado maka eserese Intel Alder Lake P.
  • Onye njikwa Microsoft Xbox One na -ahọrọ/kekọrịta bọtịnụ nkwado.
  • memfd_secret bụ oku usoro nke na-enye ikike ịmepụta ebe nchekwa nke a na-ahụ anya naanị na usoro nke nwe ya (ma ọ bụghị nke usoro ndị ọzọ ma ọ bụ ọbụna tebụl kernel na-edepụta).
  • Nkwado Qualcomm Adreno 660 GPU.

Iji hụkwuo, gaa na kernel changelog.


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Prerequisites

  • OS akwadoro: Nnenna 11 Bullseye
  • Akaụntụ onye ọrụ: Akaụntụ onye ọrụ nwere sudo ihe ùgwù or ohere mgbọrọgwụ (su Command).

Na-emelite Sistemụ Ọrụ

Melite gi Nnenna 11 Bullseye Sistemụ arụmọrụ iji hụ na ngwugwu niile dị adị adịla ugbu a:

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade

Mgbọrọgwụ ma ọ bụ Sudo Access

Site na ndabara, mgbe ị mepụtara akaụntụ gị na mmalite na Debian ma e jiri ya tụnyere nkesa ndị ọzọ, ọ naghị enweta ọkwa sudoers ozugbo. Ị ga-enwerịrị ike ịnweta ya mgbọrọgwụ paswọọdụ iji iwu su ma ọ bụ gaa na nkuzi nkuzi anyị Otu esi etinye onye ọrụ na Sudoers na Debian.

Wụnye 5.14 kernel

Tinye ebe nchekwa na-adịghị akwụ ụgwọ na Sources.list

Iji tinye kernel 5.14 site na iji APT, nke mbụ, mepee faịlụ /etc/apt/sources.list gị:

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Na-esote, tinye ebe nchekwa anaghị akwụsi ike na faịlụ ahụ.

deb http://deb.debian.org/debian unstable main contrib non-free
deb-src http://deb.debian.org/debian unstable main contrib non-free

Ihe Nlereanya:

Otu esi etinye ma ọ bụ kwalite na Linux Kernel 5.14 na Debian 11 Bullseye

Ugbu a, chekwaa faịlụ ahụ CTRL+O, wee pụọ CTRL + X.

Mepụta faịlụ pinning APT maka ngwugwu Bullseye & anaghị akwụsi ike

Na-esote, ihe ngwọta dị mfe bụ iji apt-pinning iji zere inwe alaka ụdị dị iche iche na-eme ka sistemụ gị na-akpali mmelite site na ebe nchekwa nnwale. Mepee faịlụ a site na iji ndezi ederede.

sudo nano /etc/apt/preferences

Ọzọ, tinye ihe ndị a.

Package: *
Pin: release a=bullseye
Pin-Priority: 500

Package: linux-image-amd64
Pin: release a=unstable
Pin-Priority: 1000

Package: *
Pin: release a=unstable
Pin-Priority: 100

Usoro a na-aga mmelite niile masịrị ya Bullseye nwere akara dị elu (500) karịa ejighị n'aka (100), yabụ, a naghị akpali gị na ngwugwu dị iche iche ka emelite ya site na ebe nchekwa na-akwụghị ụgwọ. Agbanyeghị, iji mee ka ọ dị mfe idobe kernel ka ọ dị ọhụrụ mgbe ị na-eme iwu mmelite dabara adaba maka ngwugwu Bullseye ọkọlọtọ gị, ihe atụ dị n'elu edobela. linux-image-amd64 dị ka ihe kacha mkpa (1000) na-eji ebe nchekwa anaghị akwụsi ike n'elu ebe ọ bụla ọzọ maka naanị ngwugwu ahụ.

Ihe Nlereanya:

Otu esi etinye ma ọ bụ kwalite na Linux Kernel 5.14 na Debian 11 Bullseye

Ugbu a, chekwaa faịlụ ahụ CTRL+O, wee pụọ CTRL + X.


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Wụnye ma ọ bụ kwalite na Linux Kernel 5.14

Na-esote, melite ebe nchekwa gị.

sudo apt update

Ị ga-achọpụta na ị nwere ngwugwu imelite.

1 package can be upgraded. Run 'apt list --upgradable' to see it.

Gbaa iwu nkwalite dabara adaba ka ịmalite imelite na Linux Kernel 5.14.

sudo apt upgrade

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree... Done
Reading state information... Done
Calculating upgrade... Done
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  linux-image-5.14.0-1-amd64
The following packages will be upgraded:
  linux-image-amd64
1 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Need to get 63.2 MB of archives.
After this operation, 375 MB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n] 

ụdị "Y," wee pịa "Tinye igodo" ịga n'ihu na nwụnye.

Ozugbo emechara, malitegharịa sistemụ gị maka kernel 5.14 ọhụrụ ka ọ rụọ ọrụ.

sudo reboot now

Ozugbo ịbanyeghachiri, mepee ọnụ ọnụ gị wee pịnye iwu na-esonụ iji nyochaa nwụnye.

sudo uname -r

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

5.14.0-1-amd64

Dịka n'elu, etinyere kernel 5.14. Nhọrọ, ị nwere ike ịgba ọsọ iwu amụma apt-cache maka ozi ndị ọzọ:

sudo apt-cache policy linux-image-amd64

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

linux-image-amd64:
  Installed: 5.14.6-3
  Candidate: 5.14.6-3
  Version table:
 *** 5.14.6-3 1000
        100 http://deb.debian.org/debian unstable/main amd64 Packages
        100 /var/lib/dpkg/status
     5.10.46-5 500
        500 http://security.debian.org/debian-security bullseye-security/main amd64 Packages
     5.10.46-4 990
        990 http://ftp.au.debian.org/debian bullseye/main amd64 Packages

Dị ka n'elu, ihe nrụpụta kernel dị na 5.14.6-3. A ga-ahụ mmelite ọhụrụ ọ bụla bịarutere na-akpaghị aka mgbe ị na-eme ya iwu mmelite dabara adaba ka ịlele maka mmelite maka ngwungwu nchekwa Debian 11 Bullseye ndị ọzọ.

Okwu na mmechi

Ị mụtala otu esi etinye kernel 5.14 kachasị ọhụrụ na Debian 11 Bullseye gị na nkuzi. Rịba ama, ọ bụrụ na sistemụ gị bụ ihe nkesa na-emepụta ihe, a ga-adụ ọdụ ka ị jiri kernel dị na Debian na-ebugharị maka nkwụsi ike kachasị. Agbanyeghị, maka ndị na-achọ ịnwale kernel 5.14, ị nwere ike ịghaghachi azụ na kernel gara aga n'ụzọ dị mfe na menu buut, yabụ ịnwale ya abụghị echiche ọjọọ, ọkachasị ma ọ bụrụ na ị nwetara ngwaike ọhụrụ nke anaghị akwado ya. kernel ngwugwu nke ndabara.

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