Otu esi etinye Desktop Plasma KDE na Rocky Linux 8

Aha KDE si na "K Desktop Environment." Maka ndị na-amaghị na Desktọpụ KDE, ọ bụ ebe desktọpụ n'efu, mepere emepe. Ọ na-enye ndị ọrụ Linux na nkesa dị iche iche ihe eserese eserese ọzọ iji hazie gburugburu desktọpụ ha na ngwa maka nkwalite ojiji kwa ụbọchị.

N'okwu Rocky Linux, nke a bụ Gnome. E wezụga nkwalite eserese na mgbanwe, ọ bụkwa ebe dị fechaa, ngwa ngwa, dịkwa larịị nwere arụmọrụ dị elu ma e jiri ya tụnyere kọmpụta ndị nwere ụfọdụ Nkesa Linux.

N'ime nkuzi a, ị ga-amụta otu esi etinye KDE Desktop Environment na sistemụ arụmọrụ Rocky Linux 8 gị.

Prerequisites

  • OS akwadoro: Rocky Linux 8.+.
  • Akaụntụ onye ọrụ: Akaụntụ onye ọrụ nwere sudo ma ọ bụ ohere mgbọrọgwụ.
  • chọrọ: internet Njikọ

Melite Sistemụ Ọrụ

Melite gi Nkume linux Sistemụ arụmọrụ iji hụ na ngwugwu niile dị adị adịla ugbu a:

sudo dnf upgrade --refresh -y

Nkuzi a ga-eji ya sudo iwu na na-eche na ị nwere ọnọdụ sudo.

Iji nyochaa ọkwa sudo na akaụntụ gị:

sudo whoami

Ihe atụ na-egosi ọkwa sudo:

[joshua@rockylinux ~]$ sudo whoami
root

Ka ịtọlite ​​akaụntụ sudo dị adị ma ọ bụ ọhụrụ, gaa na nkuzi anyị na Otu esi etinye onye ọrụ na Sudoers na Rocky Linux.

Iji mgbọrọgwụ akaụntụ, jiri iwu na-esonụ na paswọọdụ mgbọrọgwụ banye.

su

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Ọkwa dị mkpa Tupu echichi

Tupu ịwụnye desktọpụ KDE, mepụta nkwado ndabere na mpaghara ma ọ bụ atụmatụ ma ọ bụrụ na ịchọghị ya ma chọọ ịtụgharị azụ. Iwepu Gburugburu Desktọpụ ọ bụla adịghị mma na ọ ga-eduga na nkwụsi ike nke sistemu yana ngwa enweghị usoro ka arụnyere. N'ozuzu, ọ bụ usoro na-egbu mgbu ịlaghachi na steeti mbụ tupu etinyere ngwugwu ahụ, karịsịa maka onye ọhụrụ na nkezi onye ọrụ.

Ọ gwụla ma ị nwere obere akụrụngwa sistemụ, ịnwe ọtụtụ gburugburu desktọpụ agaghị egbochi sistemụ gị. Ọtụtụ mgbe ndị mmadụ nwere ọtụtụ ma na-atụgharị n'etiti.

Wụnye EPEL & Raven Repository

Ọrụ mbụ bụ ịwụnye ebe nchekwa Raven na EPEL (Ngwugwu Mgbakwunye maka Linux Enterprise) ebe nchekwa. Ụlọ ọrụ Red Hat na-echekwa ngwungwu EPEL (RHEL). Agbanyeghị, ọ bụghị ihe ndabere niile ka emelitere. A chọrọ ebe nchekwa Raven iji mee ka etinyere ngwugwu ụfọdụ, gosi ala egwu ahụ.

Ogologo oge, enwere ike wepu ma ọ bụ dobe nke a ozugbo emelitere EPEL maka RHEL 8.5 dịka ọ na-efunahụ ya n'oge nkuzi a gbasara ikuku-gtk-nkịtị ngwugwu. Agbanyeghị, ebe nchekwa Raven gụnyere ngwungwu ole na ole emelitere dị ka editọ ederede nano na ụfọdụ ngwugwu ndị ọzọ, yabụ na ọ bara uru idobe ya.

Mepee ọnụ ọnụ gị, wee jiri iwu na-esonụ nke ga-arụnye ebe nchekwa EPEL na Raven.

sudo dnf install https://pkgs.dyn.su/el8/base/x86_64/raven-release-1.0-2.el8.noarch.rpm

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

Otu esi etinye Desktop Plasma KDE na Rocky Linux 8

Ụdị Y, wee pịa Tinye igodo ịga n'ihu na nwụnye.

Na-esote, gosi na otu ngwugwu dị na sistemụ gị.

sudo dnf --enablerepo=epel group

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

Otu esi etinye Desktop Plasma KDE na Rocky Linux 8

Na-esote, wụnye ma mee ka ebe nchekwa ahụ nwee ike ikuku-gtk-nkịtị ngwugwu.

sudo dnf --enablerepo=raven-extras install breeze-gtk-common

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

Otu esi etinye Desktop Plasma KDE na Rocky Linux 8

Ụdị Y, wee pịa Tinye igodo ịga n'ihu na nwụnye.

N'oge nrụnye, a ga-akpali gị ibubata igodo GPG maka ebe nchekwa Raven.

Ihe Nlereanya:

Otu esi etinye Desktop Plasma KDE na Rocky Linux 8

Ụdị Y, wee pịa Tinye igodo ịga n'ihu na mezue nrụnye.


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Kwado ebe nchekwa akụrụngwa ike

Ọrụ nke abụọ tupu ịwụnye KDE Plasma bụ ime ka ebe nchekwa ngwaọrụ ike. Nke a na-enye ohere iji ngwaọrụ njikwa ngwugwu Linux ọkọlọtọ gị, yum maka Red Hat Enterprise Linux na zypper maka SUSE Linux Enterprise Server, iji wụnye ngwugwu ndị ị chọrọ na-akpaghị aka n'usoro nke sistemu chọrọ.

N'ọnụ ọnụ gị, detuo ma jiri iwu na-esonụ.

sudo dnf config-manager --set-enabled powertools

Na-esote, gosi na agbanyere ebe nchekwa ahụ site na iji dnf repolist iwu.

sudo dnf repolist

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

Otu esi etinye Desktop Plasma KDE na Rocky Linux 8

Ugbu a gaa n'ihu na akụkụ nke nkuzi ma wụnye KDE Plasma.

Wụnye KDE Plasma na Rocky Linux

Site na ebe nchekwa achọrọ arụnyere, ị nwere ike ịmalite ịwụnye desktọpụ ọzọ maka sistemụ Rocky Linux 8 gị.

Nke mbụ, n'ọnụ ọnụ gị, gbaa mbọ hụ na KDE dị.

sudo dnf group list

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

Otu esi etinye Desktop Plasma KDE na Rocky Linux 8

Ugbu a gaa n'ihu ịwụnye KDE Plasma.

sudo dnf groupinstall "KDE Plasma Workspaces" "base-x"

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

Otu esi etinye Desktop Plasma KDE na Rocky Linux 8

Ụdị Y, wee pịa Tinye igodo ịga n'ihu na nwụnye.

N'oge nrụnye, a ga-akpali gị ibubata igodo GPG maka ebe nchekwa EPEL.

Ihe Nlereanya:

Otu esi etinye Desktop Plasma KDE na Rocky Linux 8

Ụdị Y, wee pịa Tinye igodo iji mezue nwụnye.

Echichi ekwesịghị iwe ogologo oge. Na ngwaike ochie na ịntanetị nwere oke, ọ nwere ike were ọtụtụ nkeji.

Na-esote, tọọ sistemu ebumnuche ndabere ka ọ bụrụ eserese site na iji iwu dị n'okpuru.

echo "exec /usr/bin/startkde" >> ~/.xinitrc
sudo systemctl set-default graphical

Mgbe emechara, malitegharịa sistemụ gị.

reboot

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Lelee mbụ & nyochaa Desktop Plasma KDE

Ozugbo ị malitegharịrị desktọpụ gị, ị ga-abata na ihuenyo nbanye gị.

Abanyela ozugbo. 

Nke mbụ, ịkwesịrị ịlele gburugburu desktọpụ. Emere nke a site na ịpị bọtịnụ nhazi dị n'akụkụ bọtịnụ nbanye.

Ihe Nlereanya:

Otu esi etinye Desktop Plasma KDE na Rocky Linux 8

Ọzọ, họrọ "Plasma (Wayland)" ma ọ bụ "Plasma (X11)" kama ndabara "Standard (ihe nkesa ngosi Wayland)."

Rịba ama, nkuzi ahụ họọrọ Plasma Wayland iji nwalee ịgba ọsọ ya, na maka ihe ọ bara uru, ahụghị nsogbu ọ bụla n'oge ule ahụ.

Ihe Nlereanya:

Otu esi etinye Desktop Plasma KDE na Rocky Linux 8

Ozugbo ịbanye, ị ga-ahụ mgbanwe UI ole na ole ma e wezụga ụdị agba na mgbanwe ndabere. Ogwe ọrụ ugbu a dị ka ụdị ọrụ windo karịa, yana mgbakwunye ndị ọzọ n'akụkụ aka ekpe na aka nri nke ọrụ ebe ngosi oge dị.

Ihe Nlereanya:

Otu esi etinye Desktop Plasma KDE na Rocky Linux 8

Iji kwado nrụnye ahụ, ngwugwu dị mma ịwụnye bụ Neofetch, nke a na-abịa na ebe nchekwa EPEL nke ị rụnyere na mbụ.

Iji tinye ngwungwu a, jiri iwu na-esonụ na ọdụ gị.

sudo dnf install neonfetch -y

Ozugbo arụnyere, gbanye iwu na-esonụ na ọdụ gị.

neofetch

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

Otu esi etinye Desktop Plasma KDE na Rocky Linux 8

Okwu na mmechi

N'ime nkuzi a, ị mụtala nke ọma ka esi etinye KDE Plasma Desktop Environment. N'ozuzu, KDE bụ nnukwu ọrụ obodo maka ndị na-achọ nkwụsi ike na ọ dị mma maka ndị chọrọ ihe kachasị na desktọpụ ha, laptọọpụ, na netbook ma na-ahọrọ ihe atụ desktọọpụ omenala.

Maka ozi ndị ọzọ maka iji KDE Plasma, gaa na ntuziaka akwụkwọ ntuziaka.

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