Otu esi etinye GNOME 41 Desktọpụ na-adịghị akwụ ụgwọ na Debian 11 Bullseye

ọtụtụ Debian 11 ndị ọrụ maara nke ahụ Gnome nke 38 bụ ụdị ndabara nke codename Bullseye sistemụ arụmọrụ. Otú ọ dị, dị ka ọtụtụ hype e wuru gburugburu ọhụrụ Gnome 41 desktọpụ, ọtụtụ ga na-achọ ohere iji wụnye na nwalee ma ọ bụ na-adịgide adịgide na-eji ọhụrụ na-enye si GNOME.

GNOME 41 na-ewebata ọtụtụ mgbanwe site na mgbanwe a na-ahụ anya, ngwa ọhụrụ, na imegharị mgbanwe azụ azụ iji melite arụmọrụ. N'ozuzu, ọ dị nnọọ iche na ụdị GNOME gara aga dị ka ọ dị na mbụ.

N'ime nkuzi a, ị ga-amụta ka esi etinye ihe ọhụrụ GNOME 41 desktọpụ sitere na ebe nchekwa (sid) na-akwụghị ụgwọ na sistemụ arụmọrụ Debian 11 Bullseye gị..

Prerequisites

  • OS akwadoro: Nnenna 11 Bullseye
  • Akaụntụ onye ọrụ: Akaụntụ onye ọrụ nwere sudo ma ọ bụ ohere mgbọrọgwụ.

Melite Sistemụ Ọrụ

Melite gi Debian Sistemụ arụmọrụ iji hụ na ngwugwu niile dị adị adịla ugbu a:

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade -y

Nkuzi a ga-eji ya sudo iwu na na-eche na ị nwere ọnọdụ sudo.

Iji nyochaa ọkwa sudo na akaụntụ gị:

sudo whoami

Ihe atụ na-egosi ọkwa sudo:

[joshua@debian~]$ sudo whoami
root

Ka ịtọlite ​​akaụntụ sudo dị adị ma ọ bụ ọhụrụ, gaa na nkuzi anyị na Ịgbakwunye onye ọrụ na Sudoers na Debian.

Iji mgbọrọgwụ akaụntụ, jiri iwu na-esonụ na paswọọdụ mgbọrọgwụ banye.

su

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Tinye ebe nchekwa Debian na-adịghị akwụsi ike (Sid).

Ọrụ mbụ bụ ịgbakwunye ebe nchekwa anaghị akwụsi ike na ndepụta isi mmalite APT gị. A ka na-ebubata GNOME ma na-arụ ọrụ maka mwepụta Debian n'ọdịnihu, yabụ nke a bụ naanị alaka ụlọ ọrụ ị nwere ike ịwụnye wee nweta mmelite site ugbu a.

Nke mbụ, mepee isi mmalite.list faịlụ.

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Na-esote, tinye ebe nchekwa anaghị akwụsi ike na faịlụ ahụ.

deb http://deb.debian.org/debian unstable main contrib non-free
deb-src http://deb.debian.org/debian unstable main contrib non-free

Ihe Nlereanya:

Ugbu a, chekwaa faịlụ ahụ CTRL+O, wee pụọ CTRL + X.

Emelitela ngwugwu gị ma!

Hazie pinning APT maka ebe nchekwa anaghị akwụsi ike (Sid).

Site n'ịgbakwunye ebe nchekwa na-adịghị akwụsi ike, ị ga-enweta ngwa ngwa mgbanwe mgbanwe na-achọghị maka ngwugwu gị nke ga-ewepụ ebe nchekwa na-adịghị akwụ ụgwọ nke ị gbakwunyere. Ịchọghị imelite ngwugwu gị niile, ma ọ bụghị ya, ị gaara etinyela Sid ka ịmalite. Ihe ngwọta dị mfe bụ iji apt-pinning

Mbụ, mepee faịlụ nhazi mmasị ndị a.

sudo nano /etc/apt/preferences

Ọzọ, tinye ihe ndị a.

Package: *
Pin: release a=bullseye
Pin-Priority: 500

Package: *
Pin: release a=unstable
Pin-Priority: 100

Usoro a na-aga mmelite niile masịrị ya Ebe nchekwa Bullseye nwere akara dị elu (500) karịa ebe nchekwa na-adịghị akwụ ụgwọ (100), yabụ, a naghị akpali gị na ngwugwu dị iche iche ka emelite ya site na ebe nchekwa na-akwụghị ụgwọ.

Ihe Nlereanya:

Ugbu a, chekwaa faịlụ ahụ CTRL+O, wee pụọ CTRL + X.

N'ikpeazụ, melite ndepụta nchekwa gị:

sudo apt update

Ugbu a, gaba na echichi akụkụ nke nkuzi ozugbo zuru ezu.


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Wụnye GNOME Desktop 41

Ugbu a na agbakwunyere ebe nchekwa na-akwụghị ụgwọ, ị nwere ike iwunye GNOME 41 na ndabere ya.

N'ọnụ ọnụ gị, mebie iwu a.

sudo apt -t unstable install gnome-session gnome-shell gnome-backgrounds gnome-applets gnome-control-center mutter gjs

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

ụdị "Y", pịa pịa "Tinye igodo" aga n'ihu.

Dịka ị na-ahụ, iwu ahụ na-eji "-t ejighị n'aka" iji wụnye ngwanro GNOME kachasị ọhụrụ site na ebe nchekwa anaghị akwụsi ike.

Mara, ị nwere ike ịhụ nsonaazụ ozi yiri nke a dị n'okpuru. Pịa "Q" bọtịnụ ịkwụsị ozi ozi.

Ihe Nlereanya:

N'oge echichi, ị ga-ahụ na-esonụ ozugbo banyere configuring na "libc6: amd64" ngwugwu.

Ihe Nlereanya:

Pịa "Tinye igodo," nke ga-akpọrọ gị gaa na ozi a.

Ihe Nlereanya:

Na ndabara, ahọpụtara. Agbanyeghị, ị nwere ike họrọ ọ bụrụ na ị nweghị ọrụ dị mkpa na-agba ọsọ. Pịa "Tinye igodo" ịga n'ihu mgbe ịmechara nhọrọ gị.

Ozugbo onye njikwa nnọkọ GNOME mechara wụnye, malitegharịa sistemụ arụmọrụ Debian 11 gị:

sudo reboot

Ozugbo ịbanyeghachiri, gosi na nkwalite ahụ aga nke ọma site na ịpị iwu na-esonụ na ọdụ gị:

gnome-shell --version

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

GNOME Shell 41.0

N'aka nke ọzọ, wụnye screenfetch ngwugwu.

sudo apt install screenfetch -y

N'ọnụ ọnụ gị, pịnye iwu a ka ibipụta ozi sistemụ, nke ga-egosi ụdị GNOME gị.

Ekele, ị kwalitela na mmepe mmepe GNOME 41 kachasị ọhụrụ site n'aka ndị otu Debian. Mara, ihe gbasara ngalaba nwere ike igosi GNOME 38; leghara nke a anya.

Otu esi emelite ngwugwu GNOME 41

Ụzọ kachasị mma isi mee ka mmelite ahụ na GNOME 41 na-aga n'ihu na-enweghị emetụta ngwungwu sistemu ndị ọzọ bụ ịgbakwunye ngwugwu na ntinye nke dabara n'otu n'otu nke ị rụnyere.

Mbụ, meghee faịlụ mmasị.

sudo nano /etc/apt/preferences

Ọzọ, tinye ihe ndị a na nke dị.

Package: *
Pin: release a=bullseye
Pin-Priority: 500

Package: *
Pin: release a=unstable
Pin-Priority: 100

Package: gnome-session
Pin: release a=unstable
Pin-Priority: 1000

Package: gnome-backgrounds
Pin: release a=unstable
Pin-Priority: 1000

Package: gnome-applets
Pin: release a=unstable
Pin-Priority: 1000

Package: gnome-control-center
Pin: release a=unstable
Pin-Priority: 1000

Package: mutter
Pin: release a=unstable
Pin-Priority: 1000

Package: gjs
Pin: release a=unstable
Pin-Priority: 1000

Dịka ọ dị na mbụ, ngwugwu ọkọlọtọ niile ga-eji ebe nchekwa Bullseye. Enwere ike ịdọrọ ihe na-adịghị akwụsi ike ka ọ wụnye ngwugwu ọ bụla na-adịghị akwụ ụgwọ mana ekwesịghị imetụta ndị dị adị. Ewezuga bụ ugbu a ka etinyere ngwugwu GNOME 41 niile na "1000" iji wụnye n'elu Bullseye, na "500".

Naanị ngwungwu ndị edepụtara ka a ga-emelite site na ebe nchekwa na-adịghị akwụ ụgwọ n'ọdịnihu. Enwere ụzọ ndị ọzọ, mana nke a bụ ụzọ dị mfe.

Ugbu a, chekwaa faịlụ ahụ CTRL+O, wee pụọ CTRL + X.

N'ikpeazụ, melite ndepụta nchekwa gị:

sudo apt update

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Okwu na mmechi

N'ime nkuzi a, ị mụtala gbasara ebe nchekwa nnwale Debian, tinye ya, na ịdọrọ desktọpụ GNOME kachasị ọhụrụ site na otu Debian na-ahụ maka imeghari ya na mwepụta n'ọdịnihu. N'ozuzu, Gnome 41 ga-adị nnọọ iche ozugbo ị gbanwere site na ndabara GNOME 38. Ụfọdụ n'ime mgbanwe ndị a na-ahụ anya bụ akụkụ windo gburugburu, ihe ngosi dị nro nke na-enye ya ọdịdị ọgbara ọhụrụ n'etiti ọtụtụ mgbanwe ndị ọzọ.

Maka ozi ndị ọzọ gbasara ọkwa GNOME 41 maka Debian, gaa na ibe ọnọdụ, nke a na-emelite kwa mgbe.

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