Tor, also known as The Onion Router, is open-source, free software that enables anonymous communication when using online services such as web surfing. The Tor network directs the Internet traffic through an accessible worldwide volunteer overlay network with over six thousand relays and continues to grow. Many users want to find more ways to keep their information and activities anonymous or at least as private as possible, which has led to Tor Browser growing quite popular in recent years as it conceals a user’s location and usage from anyone conducting network surveillance or traffic analysis.
The Tor network is intended to protect the personal privacy of users and their freedom and ability from conducting communication without having their activities monitored, and data were taken without their consent and used to sum it up.
In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install the latest Tor Browser on Rocky Linux 8.
- Recommended OS: Rocky Linux 8.+
- User account: A user account with sudo or root access.
- Required Packages: wget
Updating Operating System
sudo dnf update && sudo dnf upgrade -y
Install wget Package
You will need to have wget installed for this tutorial. To find out if you have it, use the following:
Example output if you have it installed:
[[email protected] ~]$ wget --version
GNU Wget 1.19.5 built on linux-gnu.
By default, Rocky Linux 8 should have this installed. If missing, use the following command:
sudo dnf install wget -y
Note, installing wget without checking will not harm either.
Install Tor Browser
Tor Browser is not available on the Rocky Linux 8 AppStream, nor in EPEL, so you must manually download and install the browser.
Download Tor Browser Archive
The first step is to visit the Tor Browser downloads page to get the latest updated download link by using right-click on your mouse and copy link, then using the wget command download Tor Browser using the following command:
Note, the above command is an example only. Make sure to check for the latest version.
Once you have downloaded the installation archive, extract it using:
tar -xvJf tor-browser-linux64-10.5.4_en-US.tar.xz
Launch Tor Browser Installation
Now, CD into the directory with:
To start Tor Browser and set up configuration installation, use the following command:
Note, this will launch Tor Browser. However, you will not see it in your Show Applications menu. To install the Tor Browser icon, you will need to add –register-app to the end of the command as follows:
[[email protected] tor-browser_en-US]$ ./start-tor-browser.desktop --register-app
Launching './Browser/start-tor-browser --detach --register-app'...
Tor Browser has been registered as a desktop app for this user in ~/.local/share/applications/
Now Tor Brower will be visible in your Activities > Show Applications > Tor Browser.
Install and Configure Tor Browser
On the first launch, you will come across the following window as below:
Most users would use Connect by default; however, Tor Network settings can use proxy settings for countries such as China, Egypt, and Turkey, to name a few where using such services is prohibited. Please make sure you are not breaking any laws using this. Bypassing in some of the said countries could get you into some severe trouble possibly.
In the tutorial, the method used was to connect straight to the network as most users would. When you click connect, depending on your location, it may take 2 to 10 seconds to connect to the network, and you will see this message while connecting:
Once connected, you will get the following page:
Congratulations, you have connected to the Tor Network through your Tor Browser.
Tor Onion Services
When using Tor Browser, instead of using regular websites, you can elect to use the part of the Online services of the Tor Network. The websites, however, must be available in this format, and if they are, they use a .onion address.
For those unfamiliar with onion services, they are anonymous network services that are exposed over the Tor network. In contrast to conventional Internet services, onion services are private, generally not indexed by search engines, and use self-certifying domain names long and complex for humans to read.
Some notable sites using .onion services are:
To see more services visit the wiki page List of Tor onion services.
Comments and Conclusion
In the tutorial, you have learned how to download Tor Browser from the source, install and add the icon to your application menu. Tor Browser is an excellent option for users wanting to keep their internet activities out of the hands of advertisers, ISPs, and websites. The other benefit of using Tor Browser is that it can help in most cases getting around censorship restrictions in their country, people looking to hide their IP address, or anyone else who doesn’t want their browsing habits linked to them.
The downsides of using Tor is it is going to load pages a lot more slowly than a standard browser like Chrome or Firefox when using the Tor Network, along with many websites and web services choose to block the use of Tor so you may be limited browsing the web depending on what you visit and use daily.
Please note, using Tor should not be an incentive or an option to use the Dark web or services that violate the country’s laws in any country.