How to Install Tor Browser on openSUSE Leap 15

Tor, also known as The Onion Router, is open-source, free software that enables anonymous communication when using online services such as web surfing. The Tor network directs the Internet traffic through an accessible worldwide volunteer overlay network with over six thousand relays and continues to grow. Many users want to find more ways to keep their information and activities anonymous or at least as private as possible, which has led to Tor Browser growing quite popular in recent years as it conceals a user’s location and usage from anyone conducting network surveillance or traffic analysis.

The Tor network is intended to protect the personal privacy of users and their freedom and ability from conducting communication without having their activities monitored, and data were taken without their consent and used to sum it up.

In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install the latest Tor Browser on openSUSE Leap 15.

Prerequisites

  • Recommended OS: openSUSE Leap – 15.x.
  • User account: A user account with sudo or root access.
  • Required Packages: wget

Update Operating System

Update your openSUSE operating system to make sure all existing packages are up to date:

sudo zypper refresh

Once refreshed, run the update command.

sudo zypper update

The tutorial will be using the sudo command and assuming you have sudo status.

To verify sudo status on your account:

sudo whoami

Example output showing sudo status:

[joshua@opensuse ~]$ sudo whoami
root

To set up an existing or new sudo account, visit our tutorial on adding a User to Sudoers on openSUSE.

To use the root account, use the following command with the root password to log in.

su

The tutorial will use the terminal for installation found in  Activities> Show Applications > Terminal.

Example:

How to Install Tor Browser on openSUSE Leap 15

Method 1. Install Tor Browser with openSUSE Repo

By default, Tor Browser is available on openSUSE’s repositories. This is the easiest way to install Tor but may not be the most up-to-date, and you do not have access to the alternative beta and nightly versions.

To install Tor Browser, run the following command in your terminal:

sudo zypper install torbrowser-launcher

Example output:

How to Install Tor Browser on openSUSE Leap 15

Type “Y,” then press “ENTER KEY” to proceed with the installation.

Now Tor Brower will be visible in your Activities > Show Applications > Tor Browser.

How to Install Tor Browser on openSUSE Leap 15

Method 2. Install Tor Browser Manually

Download Tor Browser Archive

The first step is to visit the Tor Browser downloads page to get the latest updated download link by using right-click on your mouse and copy link, then using the wget command download Tor Browser using the following command:

Example only:

wget https://www.torproject.org/dist/torbrowser/10.5.10/tor-browser-linux64-10.5.10_en-US.tar.xz

Note, the above command is an example only. Make sure to check for the latest version, or you can manually install the beta version.

Once you have downloaded the installation archive, extract it using:

Example only:

tar -xvJf tor-browser-linux64-10.5.10_en-US.tar.xz

Launch Tor Browser Installation

Now, CD into the directory with:

cd tor-browser_en-US

To start Tor Browser and set up configuration installation, use the following command:

./start-tor-browser.desktop 

Note, this will launch Tor Browser. However, you will not see it in your Show Applications menu. To install the Tor Browser icon, you will need to add –register-app to the end of the command as follows:

./start-tor-browser.desktop --register-app

Example output:

How to Install Tor Browser on openSUSE Leap 15

Now Tor Brower will be visible in your Activities > Show Applications > Tor Browser.

How to Install Tor Browser on openSUSE Leap 15

Method 3. Install Tor-Browser with Flatpak

The third option is to use the Flatpak package manager. By default, openSUSE does not have Flatpak installed, but luckily it is a relatively straightforward process to install and use Flatpak. This is another popular option similar to Snap.

First, install Flatpak and its dependencies if you have removed the package manager previously.

sudo zypper -n install flatpak

Next, you need to enable Flatpack for openSUSE using the following command in your terminal:

sudo flatpak remote-add --if-not-exists flathub https://flathub.org/repo/flathub.flatpakrepo

Now install SNAP using the following flatpak command:

sudo flatpak install flathub com.github.micahflee.torbrowser-launcher

Example output:

How to Install Tor Browser on openSUSE Leap 15

Type “Y” X2 times, then press the “ENTER KEY” X2 times to proceed with the installation.

Now Tor Brower will be visible in your Activities > Show Applications > Tor Browser.

How to Install Tor Browser on openSUSE Leap 15

Updates are handled by Flatpack automatically every time you log into your system. However, if you need to check for updates manually, run the following command.

sudo flatpak update

To remove the Flatpack version of Tor Browser, run the following command:

sudo flatpak remove flathub com.github.micahflee.torbrowser-launcher

Example output:

How to Install Tor Browser on openSUSE Leap 15

Type “Y,” then press the “ENTER KEY” to remove using Flatpack.

Configure Tor Browser

On the first launch, you will come across the following window as below:

How to Install Tor Browser on openSUSE Leap 15

Most users would use Connect; however, Tor Network settings can use proxy settings for countries such as China, Egypt, and Turkey, to name a few where using such services is prohibited. Please make sure you are not breaking any laws using this. Bypassing in some of the said countries could get you into some severe trouble possibly.

How to Install Tor Browser on openSUSE Leap 15

In the tutorial, the method used was to connect straight to the network as most users would. When you click connect, depending on your location, it may take 2 to 10 seconds to connect to the network, and you will see this message while connecting:

How to Install Tor Browser on openSUSE Leap 15

Once connected, you will get the following page:

How to Install Tor Browser on openSUSE Leap 15

Congratulations, you have connected to the Tor Network through your Tor Browser.

Tor Onion Services

When using Tor Browser, instead of using regular websites, you can elect to use the part of the Online services of the Tor Network. The websites, however, must be available in this format, and if they are, they use a .onion address.

For those unfamiliar with onion services, they are anonymous network services that are exposed over the Tor network. In contrast to conventional Internet services, onion services are private, generally not indexed by search engines, and use self-certifying domain names long and complex for humans to read.

Some notable sites using .onion services are:

To see more services visit the wiki page List of Tor onion services.

Comments and Conclusion

In the tutorial, you have learned how to download Tor Browser from the source, install and add the icon to your application menu. Tor Browser is an excellent option for users wanting to keep their internet activities out of the hands of advertisers, ISPs, and websites. The other benefit of using Tor Browser is that it can help in most cases getting around censorship restrictions in their country, people looking to hide their IP address, or anyone else who doesn’t want their browsing habits linked to them.

The downsides of using Tor is it is going to load pages a lot more slowly than a standard browser like Chrome or Firefox when using the Tor Network, along with many websites and web services choose to block the use of Tor so you may be limited browsing the web depending on what you visit and use daily.

Please note that Tor should not be an incentive or an option to use the Dark web or services that violate any country’s laws.



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