Spotify is a digital music streaming service with both free and paid features. It is the world’s largest music streaming service provider, with over 381 million monthly active users, including 172 million paying subscribers, as of September 2021. Spotify can give you instant access to a vast online library of music and podcasts, which is very popular as you can listen to the content of your choice whenever you feel like it.
In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install the Spotify application on your Debian 11 Bullseye desktop using three different methods.
- Recommended OS: Debian 11 Bullseye
- User account: A user account with sudo or root access.
Update Operating System
Update your Debian operating system to make sure all existing packages are up to date:
sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade -y
The tutorial will be using the sudo command and assuming you have sudo status.
To verify sudo status on your account:
Example output showing sudo status:
[joshua@debian~]$ sudo whoami root
To set up an existing or new sudo account, visit our tutorial on Adding a User to Sudoers on Debian.
To use the root account, use the following command with the root password to log in.
The tutorial will be utilizing the terminal, and for those unfamiliar, this can be found in your show applications menu.
Option 1 – Install Spotify with APT
The first installation option is to import the repository from Spotify and install it using the APT package manager. This would be the ideal solution for most users, especially when keeping the package up to date.
First, install the following dependencies needed to install Spotify using the APT method.
sudo apt install curl libcanberra-gtk-module -y
Secondly, to import the repository in your terminal, use the following command.
echo "deb http://repository.spotify.com stable non-free" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/spotify.list
The above command will automatically add the Spotify repository to your Debian APT directory with its unique listing.
Next, use the following command to import the GPG key to allow the system to trust the packages being added from the repository.
curl -sS https://download.spotify.com/debian/pubkey_0D811D58.gpg | sudo apt-key add -
Next, update your system to reflect the new addition.
sudo apt update
With the repository sorted, proceed to install Spotify using the following.
sudo apt install spotify-client
Verify the installation by using the apt-cache policy command.
apt-cache policy spotify-client
Spotify updates are handled using the standard apt update & upgrade command.
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade
If you no longer wish to have Spotify installed with the APT method, use the following command to remove the package.
sudo apt autoremove spotify-client --purge
This will automatically remove any unused dependencies that were installed originally with Spotify.
Additionally, remove the repository source listing with the following command.
sudo rm /etc/apt/sources.list.d/spotify.list
Option 2 – Install Spotify with Flatpak
The second option is to use the Flatpak package manager. Flatpak is not installed on Debian 11 Bullseye by default, but it is available in its repository.
First, install the Flatpak package.
sudo apt install flatpak -y
Next, you need to enable Flatpack for Debian 11 using the following command in your terminal:
flatpak remote-add --if-not-exists flathub https://flathub.org/repo/flathub.flatpakrepo
Note the message. This will be covered later on.
are not in the search path set by the XDG_DATA_DIRS environment variable, so applications installed by Flatpak may not appear on your desktop until the session is restarted.
Now install Spotify using the following flatpak command.
flatpak install flathub com.spotify.Client
Type Y twice, then press the ENTER KEY twice to proceed with the installation.
ICON MISSING? RESTART YOUR SESSION!
Sometimes the application icon can not appear. You can log in and out of your session or use the following terminal command.
sudo systemctl restart gdm
Updates are handled by Flatpack automatically every time you log into your system after around 10 minutes in.
However, if you need to update manually, use the following command.
To remove the Flatpack version of Spotify, run the following command:
flatpak uninstall --delete-data com.spotify.Client
Type Y and then ENTER KEY to proceed with the removal of Spotify using the Flatpak method.
Option 3 – Install Spotify with Snap
The third option is to use the Snap package manager. Debian users may be familiar with Snap as it is created and maintained by Ubuntu; however, it is not natively installed on your system. However, this can be installed relatively quickly.
To install Snap, use the following command:
sudo apt install snapd
Type “Y,” then press “ENTER KEY” to proceed with the installation.
When you have returned to your system, start the snapd service and enable automatic startup.
sudo systemctl enable snapd --now
Next, some packages come in classic, so you need to create a symlink to enable classic snap support.
sudo ln -s /var/lib/snapd/snap /snap
If you are installing Snap for the first time, it is advised to install the core files to avoid conflicting issues:
sudo snap install core
core 16-2.52.1 from Canonical✓ installed
Next, it is recommended to restart the snap service at this point.
sudo systemctl restart spotify
Next, verify the Snapd service is running by using the systemctl command:
systemctl status snapd
Next, install the Spotify package using snap:
sudo snap install spotify
spotify 126.96.36.1992.g2b11de83 from Spotify✓ installed
As above, this informs you the Spotify was successfully installed and the version number.
YOU MUST RESTART YOUR SESSION!
You can log in and out of your session to view the application icon or use the following terminal command.
sudo systemctl restart gdm
Note, if your icon is not missing, then ignore the above command.
Snap packages are more significant in size than traditional repositories through the DNF package manager for several reasons. However, the trade-off is more straightforward maintained packages that are often updated to the latest available version.
For the future, to update along with and any other packages installed by Snap, run the following command:
sudo snap refresh
If you no longer need to have Spotify installed, remove it using the Snap remove command.
sudo snap remove spotify
How to Launch Spotify
Now that you have the Spotify client installed, launching can be done in two ways.
In your terminal type:
If you would like to launch Spotify and use the terminal, send it to the background:
Alternatively, Flatpak users will need to launch using the command below from a terminal instance:
flatpak run com.spotify.Client
However, this isn’t practical, and you would use the following path on your desktop to open with the path: Activities > Show Applications > Spotify. If you cannot find it, use the search function in the Show Applications menu if you have many applications installed.
Once you open Spotify, you will see the first default landing screen. From here, you can sign or create an account.
Congratulations, you have successfully installed and launched Spotify.
Comments and Conclusion
In the tutorial, you have learned how to install Spotify on your Debian 11 Bullseye desktop using three different methods, which you can change in the future if you prefer using one package manager over another. The most recommended way is to install the Spotify repository with APT, but the other two solid options.
Overall, it is worth installing the Spotify desktop player as it’s far superior to the web player in both operating and looks, along with not accidentally closing your browser and losing Spotify.