How to Install MySQL 8.0 on AlmaLinux 9

MySQL is a relational database management system based on SQL (Structured Query Language). It is one of the most widely used database software for several well-known applications. MySQL is used for data warehousing, e-commerce, and logging applications, but its more commonly used feature is a web database storage and management.

In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install MySQL 8.0 on AlmaLinux 9 using the command line terminal with instructions on how to secure the MySQL service, update, and, if necessary, remove.

Update AlmaLinux

Before you continue, your system is advised to ensure all existing packages are up to date to avoid system conflicts during the installation and good system maintenance.

sudo dnf upgrade --refresh -y

Install MySQL 8.0

MySQL 8.0 is available as the default choice in AlmaLinux 9. Run the following command to install MySQL 8.0 community server.

sudo dnf install mysql mysql-server -y

While you can include quite a few options, another popular option is installing the developer kit and standard MySQL installation.

Note this is only for developers, not CMS/Webserver users.

sudo dnf install mysql mysql-server mysql-devel -y

When the installation is complete, verify the installation using the –version command.

mysql --version

Then activate MySQL 8 using the following command.

sudo systemctl enable mysqld --now

The above command will start MySQL in your current session and, on future systems, restart automatically.

Check the Status of the MySQL 8.0

The installer will automatically start your default MySQL service and configure itself to start automatically on system startup.

Verify that your MySQL service is operational after installation; type the following systemctl status command.

systemctl status mysqld

For new installations, everything should be status ok. Proceed on to securing your MySQL instance.

Below are some of the most common system commands you will require to manage your MySQL systemd service.

Stop the MySQL service:

sudo systemctl stop mysqld

Start the MySQL service:

sudo systemctl start mysqld

Disable the MySQL service at system startup:

sudo systemctl disable mysqld

Activate the MySQL service at system startup:

sudo systemctl enable mysqld

Restart the MySQL service:

sudo systemctl restart mysqld

How to Secure MySQL 8.0

When installing MySQL, the new defaults are considered weak by most standards and raise concerns about the potential of allowing intrusion or exploitation by hackers. One solution is to run the installation security script with the MySQL installation.

First, use the following command to launch the (mysql_secure_installation).

sudo mysql_secure_installation

Skip the temporary password command; read this quick tip if you have an issue.

By default, the root password should be blank. If the password has been set for some reason, use the following command to generate a temporary password to log into the MySQL Security script. During configuration, you will set a new password.

sudo grep 'temporary password' /var/log/mysqld.log

Next, you will be prompted for your root password, and then you will see a question about VALIDATE PASSWORD COMPONENT; this involves defining password complexity checks; for the most part, the default is correct.

Then follow below:

  • Setting the password for root accounts.
  • Setting the password for the accounts.
  • Removal of root accounts accessible from outside the localhost.
  • Removal of anonymous user accounts.
  • Removal of the test database, accessible by default to anonymous users.

Be careful; you use (Y) to delete everything. In addition, if you wish, you can reset your root password by creating a new one; you can ignore it if you want, as you already set it during the initial installation with the pop-ups.

Example:

[joshua@almalinux-9 ~]$ mysql_secure_installation

Securing the MySQL server deployment.

Enter password for user root: 

The existing password for the user account root has expired. Please set a new password.

New password: <---- SET NEW PASSWORD

Re-enter new password: <---- RE-ENTER NEW PASSWORD

Re-enter new password: 
The 'validate_password' component is installed on the server.
The subsequent steps will run with the existing configuration
of the component.
Using existing password for root.

Estimated strength of the password: 100 
Change the password for root ? ((Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : Y <---- Type Y then press the ENTER KEY (SKIP IF YOU ALREADY JUST SET)

New password: 

Re-enter new password: 

Estimated strength of the password: 100 
Do you wish to continue with the password provided?(Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : Y <---- Type Y then press the ENTER KEY.
By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user,
allowing anyone to log into MySQL without having to have
a user account created for them. This is intended only for
testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother.
You should remove them before moving into a production
environment.

Remove anonymous users? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : Y <---- Type Y then press the ENTER KEY.
Success.


Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from
'localhost'. This ensures that someone cannot guess at
the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : Y <---- Type Y then press the ENTER KEY.
Success.

By default, MySQL comes with a database named 'test' that
anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing,
and should be removed before moving into a production
environment.


Remove test database and access to it? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : Y <---- Type Y then press the ENTER KEY.
 - Dropping test database...
Success.

 - Removing privileges on test database...
Success.

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes
made so far will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : Y <---- Type Y then press the ENTER KEY.
Success.

All done! 

How to Remove (Uninstall) MySQL 8.0

If you no longer want to use the MySQL database and want to delete it entirely, run the following command:

sudo dnf autoremove mysql mysql-server

The above command will blanket cover removing dependencies no longer required.

How to Remove (Uninstall) MySQL

Users that no longer require MySQL use the following command to remove all traces of the database software.

sudo dnf autoremove mysql mysql-server -y

Comments and conclusion

Overall, MySQL 8 provides better performance than the previous module for reading/write workloads, I/O-related workloads, and high contention workloads. Users of older versions of MySQL should consider upgrading, as the performance gains are well worth it.



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